Sources of guidance on right and wrong among who do not believe in Hell by metro area (2014) Switch to: Metro area among who do not believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of who do not believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Metro areaReligionPhilosophy/reasonCommon senseScienceDon't knowSample size
Atlanta Metro Area17%21%44%16%1%149
Baltimore Metro Area17%18%49%13%3%111
Boston Metro Area7%13%55%22%2%281
Chicago Metro Area14%19%50%15%2%359
Dallas/Fort Worth Metro Area20%14%48%15%2%192
Detroit Metro Area18%8%59%14%1%123
Houston Metro Area17%15%48%19%2%165
Los Angeles Metro Area16%19%46%18%1%493
Miami Metro Area17%12%50%20%< 1%203
Minneapolis/St. Paul Metro Area11%17%58%12%2%140
New York City Metro Area13%20%52%13%3%811
Philadelphia Metro Area11%16%51%20%2%311
Phoenix Metro Area14%22%49%13%2%154
Providence Metro Area11%13%58%17%1%158
Riverside, CA Metro Area14%17%50%18%2%120
San Diego Metro Area8%26%48%17%< 1%138
San Francisco Metro Area3%23%53%15%5%302
Seattle Metro Area7%18%52%22%2%183
Tampa Metro Area6%14%58%20%1%126
Washington, DC Metro Area9%21%46%20%4%430
Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science