Sources of guidance on right and wrong among who believe in Hell by metro area (2014) Switch to: Metro area among who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of who believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Metro areaReligionPhilosophy/reasonCommon senseScienceDon't knowSample size
Atlanta Metro Area56%5%32%5%2%321
Baltimore Metro Area44%4%42%4%6%113
Boston Metro Area31%4%55%8%3%156
Chicago Metro Area36%8%46%10%1%428
Dallas/Fort Worth Metro Area55%5%33%6%1%415
Detroit Metro Area37%6%45%8%4%213
Houston Metro Area50%7%38%5%1%305
Los Angeles Metro Area40%8%40%9%3%488
Miami Metro Area39%10%45%6%1%236
Minneapolis/St. Paul Metro Area35%11%45%6%4%175
New York City Metro Area35%11%43%8%3%806
Philadelphia Metro Area40%8%41%10%1%342
Phoenix Metro Area42%6%39%11%2%200
Pittsburgh Metro Area32%6%53%7%1%139
Providence Metro Area36%10%45%6%3%157
Riverside, CA Metro Area53%5%36%4%2%215
San Diego Metro Area48%9%37%4%1%151
San Francisco Metro Area36%14%39%10%1%142
Seattle Metro Area47%15%35%2%1%122
St. Louis Metro Area43%8%40%5%4%156
Tampa Metro Area39%10%46%4%1%169
Washington, DC Metro Area51%6%33%8%1%411
Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science