Sources of guidance on right and wrong among who do not believe in Heaven by metro area (2014) Switch to: Metro area among who do not believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Metro areaReligionPhilosophy/reasonCommon senseScienceDon't knowSample size
Boston Metro Area3%16%52%27%3%199
Chicago Metro Area12%20%48%17%3%223
Dallas/Fort Worth Metro Area13%14%51%21%1%110
Houston Metro Area13%16%45%24%2%106
Los Angeles Metro Area7%22%44%25%2%328
Miami Metro Area9%11%57%23%< 1%125
New York City Metro Area7%22%51%17%3%519
Philadelphia Metro Area9%18%48%25%1%177
San Francisco Metro Area8%24%47%18%4%237
Seattle Metro Area7%15%53%25%1%127
Washington, DC Metro Area6%21%44%25%4%286
Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science