The number of unauthorized immigrants living in Europe increased between 2014 and 2016, then leveled off to an estimated 3.9 million to 4.8 million in 2017, according to new estimates from Pew Research Center.
How European and U.S. unauthorized immigrant populations compare
The size of Europe’s unauthorized immigrant population in 2017 was less than half the number in the United States.
Europe’s Unauthorized Immigrant Population Peaks in 2016, Then Levels Off
Most live in Germany, the UK, Italy and France, and about half had arrived in Europe in recent years. Overall, these migrants account for less than 1% of Europe’s total population.
Unauthorized Immigrants in the United Kingdom
An estimated 800,000 to 1.2 million unauthorized immigrants lived in the United Kingdom in 2017, according to new Pew Research Center estimates based on the latest available data.
Unauthorized Immigrants in Italy
An estimated 500,000 to 700,000 unauthorized immigrants lived in Italy in 2017, up from 300,000 to 500,000 in 2014, according to new Pew Research Center estimates based on the latest available data.
Unauthorized Immigrants in Germany
An estimated 1.0 million to 1.2 million unauthorized immigrants lived in Germany in 2017, up from 500,000 to 600,000 in 2014, according to new Pew Research Center estimates based on the latest available data.
Unauthorized Immigrants in France
An estimated 300,000 to 400,000 unauthorized immigrants lived in France in 2017, up slightly from 200,000 to 300,000 in 2014, according to new Pew Research Center estimates based on the latest available data.
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About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts.