This report was written by Luis Noe-Bustamante, Research Analyst; Jens Manuel Krogstad, Senior Writer/Editor; and Mark Hugo Lopez, Director, Race and Ethnicity research.

Editorial guidance was provided by Ana Gonzalez-Barrera, Senior Researcher; Tanya Arditi, Communications Manager; and Neil G. Ruiz, Associate Director, Race and Ethnicity research.

The report was number checked by Noe-Bustamante, Krogstad and Lopez. Shannon Greenwood, Digital Producer, produced the report. David Kent, Senior Copy Editor, copy edited the report. Charts were designed by Michael Keegan, Senior Infographics Designer; Noe-Bustamante, Krogstad and Lopez.

Find related reports online at