In 2017, an estimated 10.5 million unauthorized immigrants lived in the United States, down from a peak of 12.2 million in 2007. Explore trends in the unauthorized immigrant population for U.S. states, as well as for birth countries and regions.
The latest Pew Research Center data estimates there were 10.5 million unauthorized immigrants living in the U.S. in 2017, down significantly from a decade prior. In this video, our researchers go behind the scenes to explain the “how” and “why” behind determining these new numbers.
Explore estimates of unauthorized immigrant populations in 182 U.S. metropolitan areas.
Pew Research Center estimates that 10.7 million unauthorized immigrants, the lowest level in a decade, lived in the U.S. in 2016. View state by state data on unauthorized immigration.
There were 10.7 million unauthorized immigrants in the U.S. in 2016, down from 12.2 million in 2007. The total is the lowest since 2004 and is tied to a decline in the number of Mexican unauthorized immigrants.
The increase from these countries exceeded modest growth of the overall foreign-born population and came amid a decline in immigrants from Mexico.
There were 8 million unauthorized immigrants in the U.S. working or looking for work in 2014, making up 5% of the civilian labor force.
The estimated total - 11.1 million in 2014 - has steadied since the end of the recession as the number declined from Mexico but grew from other countries.
A decline in Hispanic birth rates and the pace of immigration from Latin America has had an effect on the growth and dispersion of Hispanics in the country.
Between 2009 and 2014, about 140,000 more Mexican immigrants have returned to Mexico from the U.S. than have migrated here, citing family reunification as the main reason for leaving.