In a number of countries, people place a low premium on the importance of being native born to national identity. However, many
say speaking the dominant language and sharing customs is important to "truly" be considered a national.
The refugee crisis and the threat of terrorism are very much related in the minds of many Europeans. Across the EU there are also sharp ideological divides on views about minorities, diversity and national identity.
As elections near, Australians show robust support for their prime minister's dealings in international affairs. But many are frustrated with his handling of the refugee issue, climate change and the economy.
About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts.