The U.S. is a nation of immigrants. But unauthorized immigrants have become a source of political debate, and Congress and President Obama disagree over the best course of action to address issues such as deportations, legal status, education and benefits. For years, the Pew Research Center has estimated the size of the unauthorized immigrant population and surveyed the U.S. public about immigration.

HispanicFebruary 4, 2015

50 years later, Americans give thumbs-up to immigration law that changed the nation

As Washington once again engages in a heated political battle over immigration policy, it’s worth reminding ourselves just how much the country and its politics have changed since the 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act — a law that dramatically changed the makeup of the nation.

HispanicDecember 30, 2014

U.S. border apprehensions of Mexicans fall to historic lows

For the first time on record, more non-Mexicans than Mexicans were apprehended at U.S. borders in 2014 by the Customs and Border Patrol.

U.S. PoliticsDecember 11, 2014

Immigration Action Gets Mixed Response

Americans are divided over President Obama’s recent executive action that allows more unauthorized immigrants to stay and work in the U.S. At the same time, the public continues to support a pathway to legal status for those here illegally.

HispanicDecember 11, 2014

Interactive: U.S. Unauthorized Immigration Trends

Explore population trends from a new analysis of the unauthorized immigrant population in the United States based on Pew Research Center estimates.

HispanicDecember 11, 2014

Texas tops list of states where this year’s unaccompanied child migrants ended up

One-in-three (36%) of the nearly 54,000 unaccompanied children released to sponsors over the past year after their apprehension by immigration authorities have been placed in homes in three states – Texas, New York and California.

HispanicDecember 9, 2014

How the 1986 immigration law compares with Obama’s program

As the federal government gears up to offer deportation relief to about 4 million unauthorized immigrants, it’s worth looking back to 1986, when a new law established what was then the biggest legalization and citizenship process in U.S. history.

HispanicDecember 5, 2014

If original DACA program is a guide, many eligible immigrants will apply for deportation relief

So far, about 702,000 unauthorized immigrants have had their applications accepted for review since the program began in August 2012, according to government data. Of the applicants, 87% have been approved for the renewable two-year permits.

HispanicDecember 1, 2014

Who are the unauthorized immigrants ineligible for Obama’s executive action?

The 5.8 million unauthorized immigrants not eligible for deportation relief under President Obama’s executive actions are more likely than those eligible to be unmarried and not have U.S.-born children living with them, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis.

U.S. PoliticsNovember 24, 2014

Immigration changes draw broad public interest

President Obama’s executive action on immigration, expanding deportation relief to millions of undocumented immigrants, attracted strong public interest last week.

HispanicNovember 21, 2014

How Obama’s executive action will impact immigrants, by birth country

While President Obama’s executive order expanding deportation relief covered people from countries around the world, Mexicans were by far the group that will feel the most impact under existing and new guidelines.