Sep 22, 2014 7:00 am

Despite ongoing crisis in Venezuela, Maduro hangs on

Despite on-going crisis in Venezuela, President Nicolas Maduro hangs on
Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro. (AP Photo/Alejandro Cegarra)

The recent announcement that Venezuela’s inflation rate is now the highest in all of Latin America is just the latest in a series of setbacks for a nation that earlier this year was roiled by massive protests. In line with the mood on the streets, a new Pew Research survey finds that more than three of every four Venezuelans (77%) think the country is headed in the wrong direction. Yet despite mounting public frustration, the late Hugo Chávez’s successor as president, Nicolás Maduro, continues to enjoy as much public support as the political opposition.

Many in Venezuela view Nicolas Maduro and his political opponents negativelyVenezuelans are clearly worried about the economic situation in their country: a 71%-majority in the poll describes the economy as bad. Meanwhile, more than eight-in-ten say rising prices (89%) and a lack of jobs (83%) are very big problems. Crime (86% very big problem) is the only other problem seen in such a dire light.

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Topics: Latin America

Sep 19, 2014 9:30 am

Hispanics only group to see its poverty rate decline and incomes rise

Hispanics are the only major racial or ethnic group to see a statistically significant decline in its poverty rate, according to 2013 Census Bureau figures released this week. The drop in the poverty rate among Hispanics – from 25.6% in 2012 to 23.5% in 2013 – contributed to the first decline in the nation’s overall poverty rate since 2006.

Hispanics only group to see its poverty rate decline Hispanics also were the only group to see a decline in the number of people living in poverty (the year-to-year changes in the overall U.S. number was not statistically different.) From 2012 to 2013, the number of Hispanics in poverty dropped from 13.6 million to 12.7 million, even as the Hispanic population grew by 1 million over the same time period.

Meanwhile, the median household income of Hispanics increased by 3.5% to $40,963, the first annual increase since 2000, according to the Census Bureau. Income changes for whites, blacks and Asians were not statistically significant.

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Topics: Hispanic/Latino Demographics, Hispanic/Latino Identity, National Economy, Work and Employment

Sep 19, 2014 7:00 am

Census: Computer ownership, internet connection varies widely across U.S.

Nearly 25 years after the birth of the world wide web, most Americans have computers and internet access, but the nation remains a patchwork of connectivity, with some metro areas full of high-speed connections and other areas much less plugged in. That’s according to a Pew Research Center analysis of the Census Bureau’s first estimates of computer use and internet connections for local areas, released yesterday.

Computer ownership varies in the nation's 10 largest metro areasFor example, in the Boulder, Colo., metro area, more than eight-in-ten households not only have an internet connection, but it’s also an always-on, faster-than-dialup broadband subscription. In the Brownsville-Harlingen, Texas, metro area, though, only about half of households do.

The bureau has previously published national and state data, but the new estimates from the 2013 American Community Survey add a vastly more detailed geographic dimension to analysis of  online and offline Americans.

Overall, 84% of U.S. households own a computer, and 73% of U.S. households have a computer with a broadband connection to the internet, the bureau reported. These findings are right in line with survey findings of the Pew Research Center, which found that 70% of Americans have broadband access.

The new Census Bureau figures show wide variance by state and local area, though. In New Hampshire, Massachusetts and Utah, about eight-in-ten households have a broadband connection, according to the new data. In Mississippi, only 57% do. Among the 10 largest metro areas, the share ranges from 73% in Miami to 84% in Washington, D.C.

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Topics: Digital Divide, Internet Activities, Technology Adoption

Sep 18, 2014 2:56 pm

The nation’s wealth recovers, but largely for those at the top

The nation’s aggregate wealth continued to show signs of recovery, ascending to $81.5 trillion as of June 30, after bottoming out at $55 trillion in 2009, according to a new Federal Reserve report  released Thursday.

Net Worth of Households and NonprofitsThe Fed’s aggregate wealth figures, which measure the total net worth of all U.S. households and nonprofits, suggest that inflation-adjusted wealth per household has significantly increased since 2009 (roughly growing 29%) and has surpassed its pre-Recession peak. (The chart to the right does not show these figures adjusted for inflation or number of households.)

But as other economic reports and indicators suggest, that wealth recovery has been concentrated on the wealthiest Americans. Although there is some evidence that those at the bottom are also seeing an economic lift, the aggregate net worth for America’s economic middle is actually declining. In August, the Census Bureau released detailed wealth tabulations that imply that the minimum wealth level needed to qualify for the wealthiest 1% of American households increased from $2.3 million in 2009 to $2.4 million in 2011.  That in itself indicates there were wealth gains at the very top of the wealth distribution.  On the other hand, the minimum wealth level needed to be in the wealthiest 4% of households fell from 2009 to 2011, from which one infers that wealth declined for households at the wealthiest 4% level. Read More

Topics: National Economy, Socioeconomic Class, Wealth

Sep 18, 2014 10:00 am

Families may differ, but they share common values on parenting

Parents see responsibility, hard work as most important trait to teach childrenA new report released today by the Pew Research Center shows how the values Americans bring to parenting are strongly linked to their own ideological leanings. But aside from ideology, the survey finds widespread agreement among parents over the traits that children should be taught.

Moreover, there are only modest differences in these attitudes among parents with one child or several, and among those with children of different ages. For the most part, married mothers and single mothers also share common ground on the values important to teach children.

These findings are based on a Pew Research Center survey conducted April 29-May 27 among 3,243 adults, including 815 parents, who are part of Pew Research’s new American Trends Panel, a nationally representative panel of randomly selected U.S. adults surveyed online and by mail.

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Topics: Demographics, Education, Parenthood, Political Polarization, Social Values, Teens and Youth

Sep 18, 2014 9:00 am

For first time, census data on married couples includes same-sex spouses

The Census Bureau released new data today that for the first time counted same-sex spouses along with all other married couples in its largest household survey, which, despite the new additions, showed no reversal in the long-term national decline in marriage.

Adults Currently Married B_redo_310pxThe share of Americans ages 18 and older who are currently married inched downward in 2013, to 50.3%, compared with 50.5% in 2012, according to Pew Research Center calculations from the 2013 American Community Survey.

The Census Bureau estimates there were nearly 252,000 households headed by same-sex married couples in 2013, a notable increase from the 182,000 estimated in 2012, but still a small fraction of the 56 million total U.S. married couples. In the past, if two people of the same gender said they were married, the Census Bureau reclassified them as cohabiting partners.
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Topics: Gay Marriage and Homosexuality, U.S. Census

Sep 17, 2014 3:10 pm

On Constitution Day, a look at proposed amendments and how seldom they go anywhere

US ConstitutionU.S. politicans say they revere the Constitution, but that doesn’t mean they don’t have plenty of ideas for changing it. Since 2003, in fact, 465 proposed constitutional amendments have been introduced in the House or Senate, according to our count — including 82 in the current Congress alone.

Although they cover dozens of different topics, the proposed amendments in this period all have one thing in common: None of them have gone into effect. In fact, no amendment proposal has gained the necessary two-thirds support in both the House and Senate since 1978, when an amendment giving District of Columbia residents voting representation in Congress was sent to the states for ratification. (Only 16 states had ratified it when the seven-year time limit expired.) Read More

Topics: Congress

Sep 17, 2014 12:34 pm

Americans have dim view of trade’s impact on jobs and wages

The United States is the world’s second largest trading nation. But while 68% of Americans say trade is good for the country, they hold starkly different views than people in other countries around the world when it comes to the supposed benefits of international commerce: job creation and higher wages.

Americans Unsure of Trade BenefitsOnly one-fifth of Americans believe that trade creates jobs compared to a median of 44% among people in advanced economies, 52% of those in emerging economies and 66% of those in developing countries, according to a new Pew Research Center 44 country global survey. The disparities are similar when Americans are asked if trade increases wages, with the U.S. public holding a far more negative view than people in most other nations. Read More

Topics: Globalization and Trade, Income, National Economy, Work and Employment

Sep 17, 2014 10:10 am

Young Americans divided over striking ISIS

Majorities of Republicans and Democrats approve of President Obama’s military plan against ISIS, but one group is not quite on board: younger people.

In Reversal from Iraq War, Young Adults Less Supportive of ISIS CampaignWhile adults 50 and older overwhelmingly approve of the military campaign (59% approve, 23% disapprove), those under 30 are narrowly divided (43% approve, 37% disapprove). Older adults express more worries about Islamic extremism in general and ISIS in particular.

In a survey last month, adults ages 50 and older were especially likely to say ISIS poses a “major threat” to the U.S. (76%). By comparison, 57% of adults under 30 and 61% of those ages 30-49 labeled ISIS as a major threat. Similarly, older adults are far more likely than younger adults to say they are very concerned about the possible rise of Islamic extremism in the U.S.; 71% of those 65 and older are very concerned about increasing Islamic extremism in the U.S. compared with 31% of those under 30. Read More

Topics: Teens and Youth, Wars and International Conflicts

Sep 17, 2014 7:00 am

Q&A: Why one polling expert says Scotland likely to say ‘no’ to independence

Claire Durand, University of Montreal

As the Scottish independence referendum comes down to the wire, the “Yes Scotland” and “Better Together” campaigns are furiously trying to win over any remaining undecided voters. Several polls in recent weeks have showed pro-independence sentiment surging, after months in which the pro-union forces appeared comfortably ahead. Interpreting the blizzard of survey data, though, is challenging even for UK analysts, much less those of us on the other side of the Atlantic.

Claire Durand, a sociology professor at the University of Montreal and secretary-treasurer of the World Association for Public Opinion Research, has been tracking and commenting on the Scottish polling on her blog, Ah! les sondages (Ah, polls). We spoke with her Tuesday about the polls, parallels between the Scottish vote and Quebec’s past sovereignty referendums, and more; the excerpts below have been edited for clarity.

Give us a sense of the state of the polling landscape in Scotland — who’s been polling and what methods are they using?

You have mainly six pollsters, though a new one just appeared this week. TNS-BMRB does face-to-face surveys, Ipsos MORI does telephone polls, and the four other big pollsters — Survation, Panelbase, ICM and YouGov — were all opt-in online only, though ICM and Survation started doing telephone polls in the last few days. The pollsters are very well-known. Read More

Topics: World Elections