January 17, 2014

On MLK Day, racial equality found wanting


Fewer than half of Americans said their country made a lot of progress toward racial equality in the past half century.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is widely viewed as a national hero for racial equality and justice, and Americans honored his legacy with the unveiling of a national memorial in Washington in 2011. Since 1986, three years after President Ronald Reagan signed the bill into law, Americans have celebrated King’s legacy as a federal holiday on the third Monday of every year.

However, fewer than half (45%) of all Americans surveyed last year said they believe the U.S. has made substantial progress toward racial equality since 1963, when King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech in Washington. Roughly half of Americans (49%) said “a lot more” needs to be done to achieve racial equality. Broken down by race, a higher share of blacks (79%) than Hispanics (48%) and whites (44%) felt that way, according to a Pew Research Center report.

Economic gulfs have persisted between blacks and whites in the past few decades, according to our analysis. Blacks lagged behind whites in several measures, including both median household income and household wealth. In 2011, blacks were nearly three times as likely as whites to be living in poverty.

Yet, there are several racial gaps that have narrowed between blacks and whites, such as at-birth life expectancy and rates for high school completion and voter turnout. According to the latest Census Bureau estimates, the share of eligible blacks who cast ballots had been rising since 1996 and stood at about 66% for 2012 elections. That share is higher than the share of eligible whites who voted (64%) for the first time since the Census Bureau offered those numbers.

Category: Daily Number

Topics: Race and Ethnicity

  1. is an associate digital producer at Pew Research Center.


  1. Packard Day3 years ago

    Like the wish for peaceful coexistence within the Islamic world, perhaps we are all just discussing a problem that has no real solution. No nation can ever hope to cure a fundamental dysfunction within one of its major minority groups, or even save it from itself. It can only learn to manage the worst attributes of that minority group and thereby offer hope to individual members who hope to once day flee what is now systemic cultural chaos.

    Vincit omnia veritas

    1. Lisa AA3 years ago

      It seems to me that a very similar argument was used to justify slavery. Comments like yours only emphasize that racist attitudes have only evolved, not improved. Way to go.