Majorities of both groups self-identify as Catholic, but the percentage of Catholics is 20 percentage points higher among Mexicans (81%) than among Mexican Americans (61%).
The share of U.S. Hispanics and Latin Americans who are Catholic is declining, but the two groups are making different religious choices after leaving the church.
While President Obama’s executive order expanding deportation relief covered people from countries around the world, Mexicans were by far the group that will feel the most impact under existing and new guidelines.
See how the unauthorized immigrant population varies state-by-state, how it has changed since 2009 and which states have the highest and lowest shares of unauthorized immigrants with our interactive maps.
Since the Great Recession ended, the population of unauthorized immigrants has risen in seven states and fallen in 14.
Tens of millions of Latin Americans have left the Roman Catholic Church in recent decades and embraced Pentecostal Christianity.
Even though Catholic Church teaching forbids behaviors like suicide and homosexuality, Protestants across Latin America are more likely than Catholics to see many issues as morally unacceptable.
A new Pew Research Center survey of 18 Latin American countries and Puerto Rico asked people about their religious affiliation, beliefs and practices.
Nearly 40% of the world's Catholics live in Latin America, but many people in the region have converted from Catholicism to Protestantism, while some have left organized religion altogether.
Publics in emerging nations now rival those in advanced economies in their self-reported well-being.