Americans have little appetite for austerity in government programs. Most either want to increase spending or maintain it at current levels. At the same time, their trust in the federal government remains near a historic low.
Gender differences in the U.S. about the size and scope of government have been evident for more than a decade, but they have widened in recent years.
No world region has reached gender parity in the share of legislative seats held by women. Only three nations individually have reached or surpassed parity.
Apart from its political makeup and policy objectives, the new Congress differs from prior ones in other ways, including its demographics.
More than one-in-five voting members of the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate are racial or ethnic minorities.
Here is a look at public opinion on important issues facing the United States, from Americans' views of trade to the U.S.-Mexico border wall.
While the 115th Congress was more legislatively active than its recent predecessors, the proportion of substantive to ceremonial legislation was much the same.
The 69 immigrants and children of immigrants in the 116th Congress claim heritage in 38 countries and are overwhelmingly Democrats.
No matter who they blamed for previous government shutdowns or how much they felt personally affected by them, most Americans have had negative opinions about them.
Data from the past 50 years reveal the upward yet uneven trajectory of black political leadership in America.