The past year has seen a series of momentous political events – rising unemployment, passage of controversial health care legislation, a sweeping defeat for Democrats in the midterm elections and a historically active lame-duck session of Congress. But the public’s impression of Barack Obama has remained remarkably steady. At the start of 2010, 49% of Americans approved of Obama’s job performance, while 42% disapproved. At the start of 2011, these figures are hardly changed: 46% approve, 44% disapprove.
The relative stability of Obama’s ratings is evident even when party identification is taken into account. Currently, 78% of Democrats, 44% of independents and 14% of Republicans approve of Obama’s job performance. This is virtually identical to measures taken in June of last year, and little changed from a year ago. In January 2010, 84% of Democrats approved of Obama’s jobs performance, a figure which fell as low as 74% in March, during the debate over health care reform. But Democratic ratings of Obama rebounded after the passage of that legislation, and have remained stable since then.
Obama’s job ratings among independents also reached an all-time low of 37% in March 2010. His rat
ings rebounded in the spring but declined again, to 38%, in November following the Democrats’ midterm defeat. But since November, Obama’s job rating among independents has climbed back to 44%. Obama’ job ratings among Republicans have remained below 20% over the past year.
Obama’s Personal Image Remains Positive
Assessments of President Obama’s personal image have also changed little over the past year and remain, on balance, positive. Most Americans see Obama as a good communicator (75%), as warm and friendly (70%) and as well-informed (64%). Six-in-ten (60%) say he cares about people like them, while 58% say he is trustworthy. Those numbers largely mirror responses in June. Still, each has dropped by at least 15 points since Obama took office in early 2009.
In a new question, more than three-quarters (77%) say Obama stands up for what he believes in, while only 16% say he does not. The public is more narrowly divided when asked whether he is a strong leader or able to get things done. Just more than half (53%) say he is a strong leader, 41% say he is not. And 54% say he is able to get things done, while 38% disagree.
In June, 55% said Obama was able to get things done and 53% said he was a strong leader. In February 2009, shortly after he took office, about three quarters (77%) said they saw Obama as a strong leader. Seven-in-ten at that time said they thought he was able to get things done.
Liberal Dems Say Obama Stands Up for Beliefs
Democrats offer highly positive assessments of Obama on all the traits measured. Nearly nine-in-ten say he stands up for what he believes in (89%), is warm and friendly (88%), is a good communicator (87%) and that he cares about people like them (85%). Nearly eight-in-ten (79%) say he is a strong leader, while 74% say he is able to get things done.
And, despite criticism of his agreement with congressional Republicans on end-of-year legislation that included an extension of Bush-era income tax cuts for the wealthy, liberal Democrats are just as likely as conservative and moderate Democrats to say that Obama stands up for what he believes in (88% vs. 90%).
Republicans also give Obama high ratings for standing up for his beliefs (67%) and his communication skills (63%), but are more critical of other traits. Just 30% see him as a strong leader, compared with 66% say he is not. And just more than a third say he cares about people like them (35%) or is able to get things done (36%).
The single largest partisan gap in impressions of Obama is over his trustworthiness. By an 86% to 10% margin, Democrats believe Obama is trustworthy. About a quarter (27%) of Republicans say he is trustworthy, while two-thirds (66%) say he is not.
On most of these questions, the gap between Democrats and Republicans is largely unchanged since June, with two exceptions where Republican impressions have improved slightly. The number of Republicans who describe Obama as a strong leader has increased slightly from 22% in June to 30% today. And more Republicans also say Obama is able to get things done (29% in June, 36% today).
Opinions among independents largely reflect the public as a whole and are little changed since June. Three-quarters (74%) see the president as a good communicator, 68% say he is warm and friendly, 63% say he is well informed and 57% say he is trustworthy. On the new question, nearly eight-in-ten (79%) say he stands up for what he believes in. Half of independents see him as a strong leader, while 44% do not. That is largely unchanged since June.
Obama and the Issues
As with Obama’s overall job approval, there has been little change in public evaluations of his performance on specific issues. More disapprove than approve when it comes to his handling of the economy, the deficit, and immigration policy. More approve than disapprove on the issues of energy and terrorism.
One issue on which Obama’s performance is rated significantly more positively today than a year ago is health care. In January 2010, just 38% of Americans approved of Obama’s handling of health care policy, while 52% disapproved. Today, opinion is divided about evenly, with 45% approving and 47% disapproving. Much of this improvement is the result of greater Democratic satisfaction; a year ago just 64% of Democrats approved of how Obama was handling health care policy; today 80% approve. By comparison, the share of independents who approve of Obama’s handling of health care is little changed over the past year (39% today, 34% in January 2010), and only 18% of Republicans approve, up from 10% a year ago.
Will Obama Be a Successful President?
Halfway into Obama’s first term, a plurality (47%) of the public still says it is too early to tell whether he will be a successful or unsuccessful president in the long run. Opinion is divided among those who offer an expectation about his presidency – 25% think he will be a successful president while 26% say he will be unsuccessful in the long run. These views are little changed from a year ago.
The public is more positive about Obama’s prospects for success than they were about Bill Clinton’s at a comparable point in his first term, just a few months after the 1994 midterm elections. In February 1995, only 18% thought Clinton would be a successful president while 34% thought he would be unsuccessful and 43% said it was too early to tell. By Clinton’s second term, the public’s views about his presidency were much more positive –44% thought he would be a successful president, 24% thought he would be unsuccessful and 29% said it was too early to tell in January 1999.
George W. Bush, by contrast, got far more positive ratings early in his presidency. In October 2002, 40% thought he would be a successful president while 15% thought he would be unsuccessful and 44% thought it was too early to tell. Opinion was reversed by the middle of his second term; far more thought Bush would be unsuccessful (45%) than successful (24%).
There are large partisan differences over Obama’s potential for success as president. Far more Republicans think Obama will be unsuccessful (44%) than say he will be successful (8%). Opinion is reversed among Democrats (45% of Democrats say Obama will be successful and only 7% think he will be unsuccessful). Independents are divided – 21% think he will be successful, 30% say he will be unsuccessful and 48% think it is too early to tell.
Views of Obama’s Economic Policies
The public is divided over the effect of Obama’s policies on economic conditions – 28% say his policies have made economic conditions better while 31% say they have made conditions worse. A plurality (37%) continues to say his policies have not had an effect so far or volunteer that it is too soon to tell.
While the share of Americans who believe Obama’s policies have had an effect has grown, there is been little change in the balance of opinion over the past year. In February 2010, 24% said Obama’s policies had made economic conditions better, 27% said they had made things worse. Earlier, over much of 2009, slightly more felt his policies had helped than hurt.
There continue to be partisan differences in evaluations of the effect of Obama’s economic policies. Most Democrats say either that Obama&rsq
uo;s policies have made the economy better (46%) or have had no effect so far or it is too soon to tell (40%). Just 11% of Republicans say Obama’s policies have made things better and 28% say they have had no effect; a majority (59%) says Obama’s policies have made things worse.
Yet there are sizable differences in opinion among both Democrats and Republicans. Far more liberal Democrats (58%) than conservative and moderate Democrats (41%) say Obama’s economic policies have made things better. Among Republicans, 68% of conservatives say Obama’s policies have made things worse compared with 42% of moderate and liberals.
Health Care Seen as Biggest Accomplishment
When asked to choose Obama and Congress’s biggest legislative accomplishment over the last two years, there is no consensus among the public. A quarter (25%) says the health care legislation, 21% say extending tax cuts and 18% mention the economic stimulus package as the biggest accomplishment. Fewer think allowing gays and lesbians to serve openly in the military (11%) and the financial regulation legislation (9%) are the biggest accomplishments of the last two years.
Among Republicans, 33% think extending the tax cuts was Obama and Congress’s biggest legislative accomplishment while 15% said the economic stimulus package and only 9% mentioned the health care legislation. When offered these choices, 14% of Republicans said none of these was a big accomplishment.
Democrats cited health care legislation as the top accomplishment – 40% said health care legislation, 22% the economic stimulus package and 10% said they thought extending the tax cuts was Obama and Congress’s biggest accomplishment. Independents are divided with as many citing health care legislation (23%) as extending the tax cuts (23%).