English proficiency among U.S. immigrants, 1980-2018
% of foreign-born population ages 5 and older who are English proficient
Year% of immigrants
198057.2%
199053.0%
200049.0%
201048.4%
201350.4%
201450.4%
201550.9%
201651.0%
201752.2%
201853.2%

Note: English proficient are those who speak only English at home or, if they speak a non-English language at home, they indicate they can speak English at least “very well.”

Source: Pew Research Center tabulations of 1980-2000 decennial censuses and 2010, 2013-2018 American Community Surveys (IPUMS).

PEW RESEARCH CENTER