Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World

First- and second-generation share of the population, 1900-2018


First- and second-generation share of the population, 1900-2018
% of U.S. population who are __ immigrants
Year1st generation2nd generation
190013.720.8
191014.620.1
192012.720.6
193011.320.1
19408.518.8
19506.916.2
19605.613.8
19704.812
19806.210.3
19908.29.6
200011.410
200612.110.5
201012.711.3
201513.312.1
201613.512
201713.712
201814.112.3

Note: First-generation immigrants are those born outside the U.S. The second generation are those born in the U.S. with at least one immigrant parent. Some data for 1960-2015 differ slightly from previous versions of this chart for historical consistency.

Source: 1900-1950 data from Edmonston and Passel (1994); 1960-2000 numbers from Pew Research Center estimates of adjusted census data consistent with historical estimates and projections; 2005-2018 data from Pew Research Center tabulations of March CPS ASEC (IPUMS).

PEW RESEARCH CENTER

Icon for promotion number 1

Sign up for our weekly newsletter

Fresh data delivery Saturday mornings

Icon for promotion number 1

Sign up for The Briefing

Weekly updates on the world of news & information