7 key findings on the state of the middle class in Western Europe
The fortunes of the middle classes across Western Europe are moving in different directions. Some nations are experiencing both growing incomes and expanding middle classes, while other nations are witness to stagnant or declining incomes and shrinking middle classes, a new Pew Research Center analysis of 11 Western European countries has found. But in a few other countries studied, the middle-class shares are decreasing even as incomes overall are rising.
Are you middle class in Western Europe?
A Pew Research Center analysis of income data from 11 Western European countries finds considerable differences in the fortunes of the middle classes in those countries.
Middle Class Fortunes in Western Europe
From 1991 to 2010, the middle class expands in France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, but, as in the United States, shrinks in Germany, Italy and Spain.
Europeans favoring right-wing populist parties are more positive on Putin
Those in Western Europe who favor right-wing populist parties are significantly more likely than those who do not to express confidence in Putin, as well as to prefer to move past disputes over Russia’s foreign policy in favor of a strong economic relationship.
4 factors driving anti-establishment sentiment in Europe
Learn more about a variety of factors driving the anti-establishment sentiments that are spreading throughout much of Europe.
Key facts about the world’s refugees
With the number of displaced people in the world at more than 60 million in 2015, the plight of refugees has gained new prominence.
Favorable views of the UN prevail in Europe, Asia and U.S.
Majorities or pluralities in 17 of 19 countries we surveyed have a positive view of the United Nations.
European opinions of the refugee crisis in 5 charts
The United Nations is hosting a summit on Sept. 19 to address the issue of refugees and migrants. Learn about European views of refugees through five charts.
Fewer refugees entering Europe than in 2015, but asylum backlog still growing
The number of refugees who have entered Europe this summer has declined compared with last year, but the backlog of asylum applications continues to grow.
Europeans Fear Wave of Refugees Will Mean More Terrorism, Fewer Jobs
The refugee crisis and the threat of terrorism are very much related in the minds of many Europeans. Across the EU there are also sharp ideological divides on views about minorities, diversity and national identity.