Crossing the Line: What Counts as Online Harassment?
Americans agree that certain behaviors – like direct personal threats – constitute online harassment. But they are more divided on others, such as sending unkind messages or publicly sharing a private conversation.
The Future of Truth and Misinformation Online
Experts are split on whether the coming years will see less misinformation online. Those who foresee improvement hope for technological and societal solutions. Others say bad actors using technology can exploit human vulnerabilities.
Most Americans think the government could be monitoring their phone calls and emails
Seven-in-ten U.S. adults say it is it likely that their own phone calls and emails are being monitored by the government.
The Fate of Online Trust in the Next Decade
Many experts say lack of trust won’t hinder increased public reliance on the internet. Some expect trust to grow as tech and regulatory changes arise; others think it will worsen or maybe change entirely.
Nearly half of those who have been harassed online know their harasser
About one-in-four Americans who have been harassed online say an acquaintance was behind their most recent incident.
1 in 4 black Americans have faced online harassment because of their race or ethnicity
Although online harassment can take many forms, some minority groups in America more frequently encounter harassment that carries racial overtones.
Democrats more likely than Republicans to say online harassment is a major problem
Republicans and Democrats are about equally likely to have been harassed online because of their political views, but there are some notable differences in how members of each party view the issue of online harassment.
Men, women experience and view online harassment differently
Among women who have experienced any form of online harassment, 35% say they found their most recent incident to be “extremely” or “very” upsetting.
Q&A: How and why Pew Research Center surveyed Americans on online harassment
Read a Q&A with Maeve Duggan, Pew Research Center research associate, on our survey examining online harassment in the United States.
Key takeaways on how Americans view – and experience – online harassment
Most Americans say that online harassment is a major problem, and many look to a host of institutions to curtail online abuse.