See the latest Pew Research Center reports and data related to income inequality in society.
The American middle class is stable in size, but losing ground financially to upper-income families
While the size of the U.S. middle class remained relatively stable between 2002 and 2016, financial gains for middle-income Americans were modest compared with those of higher-income households.
For most U.S. workers, real wages have barely budged in decades
Despite some ups and downs over the past several decades, today’s real average wage in the U.S. has about the same purchasing power it did 40 years ago. And most of what wage gains there have been have flowed to the highest-paid tier of workers.
Income Inequality in the U.S. Is Rising Most Rapidly Among Asians
The gap in the standard of living between Asians near the top and the bottom of the income ladder nearly doubled from 1970 to 2016. Amid rising inequality overall, Asians displaced blacks as the most economically divided major U.S. racial or ethnic group.
Key findings on the rise in income inequality within America’s racial and ethnic groups
Income inequality nearly doubled among Asians in the U.S. from 1970 to 2016. Sizable income gaps persist across racial and ethnic groups, a new study finds.
Incomes of whites, blacks, Hispanics and Asians in the U.S., 1970 and 2016
The charts below show the distributions of white, black, Hispanic and Asian adults in the U.S. by their incomes in 1970 and 2016.
The narrowing, but persistent, gender gap in pay
The gender gap in pay has narrowed since 1980, but it has remained relatively stable over the past 15 years or so. In 2017, women earned 82% of what men earned.
Americans deepest in poverty lost more ground in 2016
The official poverty rate last year was close to its pre-Great Recession level, but the share of the U.S. poor in severe poverty increased.
More Americans favor raising than lowering tax rates on corporations, high household incomes
As the congressional debate over Trump’s tax overhaul begins, more Americans say tax rates on corporations and higher-income households should be raised rather than lowered.
Why people are rich and poor: Republicans and Democrats have very different views
Beyond partisan differences over economic policies, there are stark divisions on a fundamental question: What makes someone rich or poor?
Are you middle class in Western Europe? Try our country-by-country income calculators
As part of a new study, Pew Research Center designed income calculators to help you determine where you fit on the income ladder in Western Europe.