Jan 24, 2014 3:15 pm

Record number of deportations in 2012

419,384

Number of immigrants deported by U.S. authorities in fiscal year 2012—a record.

The annual number of deportations reached a record 419,384 in fiscal year 2012, according to newly released data from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Between 2009 and 2012, the Obama administration deported 1.6 million immigrants. By comparison, two million immigrants were deported during the eight years of the George W. Bush administration.

The record number of deportations shows a rise in both deportations of those with a prior criminal conviction (a record 199,000), and those without a criminal conviction.

This rise in the number of deportations in fiscal year 2012 also coincides with a rise in the number of border apprehensions (mostly at the U.S.-Mexico border), which increased from 340,000 in 2011 to 365,000 in 2012.

Recently released immigration enforcement statistics by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) show that the number of deportations done by ICE agents during fiscal 2013 was down compared with 2012. Final data on the total number of deportations for 2013, including both ICE data and Customs and Border Protection (CBP) data, are not yet available.

FT_DHS

Category: Daily Number

Topics: Unauthorized Immigration

Jan 24, 2014 12:55 pm

Chart of the Week: How two decades of globalization have changed the world

Source: Milanovic, B., Lead Economist, World Bank Research Department, Global income inequality by the numbers.
Source: Milanovic, B., Lead Economist, World Bank Research Department, Global income inequality by the numbers. Annotations by James Plunkett.

Sometimes a graphic inspires us not by its creative animations or mesmerizing interactive elements, but by how much it can explain with how little. That’s why we like this chart from Branko Milanovic, lead economist at the World Bank’s research department (as annotated by James Plunkett, policy director at U.K. think tank Resolution Foundation). Milanovic likes to call it, “How the world changed between the fall of the Berlin wall and the fall of Wall Street.”

The vertical axis measures real income growth (measured in constant dollars on a purchasing power parity basis) between 1988 and 2008. The horizontal axis shows not time but income levels, from lowest to highest. For example, the second dot on the chart marks the 10th percentile of income, meaning people who outearned just 10% of the world’s population; that group saw its real income rise more than 40% over that 20-year period. Read More

Category: Chart of the Week

Topics: Globalization and Trade

Jan 24, 2014 11:48 am

Data Feed: Record low want their representative re-elected, best and worst states, Facebook responds

A daily roundup of fresh data from scholars, governments, think tanks, pollsters and other social science researchers.

Politics
Record low say their own representative deserves re-election, Gallup
Two key factors behind our polarized politics, The Washington Post
The politics behind the economic fairness debate, Cook Political Report
2014 House open seats, by ‘Partisan Voter Index’, Cook Political Report
2014 Senate ratings, The Rothenberg Political Report
Connecting the dots between partisanship and gridlock, Christopher Ingraham
Baby Boomers to push U.S. politics in the years ahead, Gallup

Economy
62% of U.S. CEOs plan to hire in 2014, PwC’s Global CEO survey
What do Americans think of income inequality? (Video) BBC
Mean vs. median income trends in U.S., via Project Syndicate
Union membership rate is flat at 11.3%, Bureau of Labor statistics
Natural gas displaced coal as go-to fuel for electricity, Energy Information Administration

Read More

Category: Data Feed

Jan 24, 2014 11:00 am

In 2014, Latinos will surpass whites as largest racial/ethnic group in California

FT_14.01.24_Latino_population_200pxAccording to California Governor Jerry Brown’s new state budget, Latinos are projected to become the largest single racial/ethnic group in the state by March of this year, making up 39% of the state’s population. That will make California only the second state, behind New Mexico, where whites are not the majority and Latinos are the plurality, meaning they are not more than half but they comprise the largest percentage of any group.

California’s demographers also project that in mid-2014, the state’s residents will be 38.8% white non-Hispanic, 13% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 5.8% black non-Hispanic, and less than 1% Native American. But the state’s demographics in 2014 are very different from what they had been. In 2000, California’s 33.9 million residents were 46.6% white non-Hispanic, 32.3% Latino, 11.1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 6.4% black non-Hispanic and about 1% Native American. In 1990, white non-Hispanics made up more than half (57.4%) of the state’s then 29.7 million residents, while 25.4% of Californians were Latino, 9.2% were Asian American or Pacific Islander, 7.1% were black non-Hispanic and about 1% were Native American.

This 2014 demographic milestone will arrive about eight months later than the state originally expected. Last year, California’s Department of Finance demographers projected that the Latino population would match the non-Hispanic white population in size by mid-2013.

But as birth rates among Hispanics have slowed (as they have nationally for Latinos and the overall U. S. population with the recession), the state this month readjusted its projection to March 2014. When this milestone occurs, it will mark the first time since California became a state in 1850 that Latinos are the Golden State’s single largest racial or ethnic group.  Read More

Topics: Hispanic/Latino Demographics

Jan 24, 2014 6:00 am

10 facts about Americans and public libraries

Technology and the internet are changing Americans’ reading habits and also their relationship with libraries. Half of Americans now own a tablet or e-reader and libraries have responded by expanding their digital offerings.

But what hasn’t changed is Americans’ love for books. American adults still read about as much as ever and overwhelmingly say libraries play an important role in their communities. In advance of the American Library Association’s Midwinter Convention (#alamw14) in Philadelphia, here are some key facts and trends we have chronicled in our research on America’s public libraries.

1E-book reading is growing, but printed books still dominate the reading world. 28% of American adults ages 18 and older read an e-book in the past year, up from 17% in 2011. Still, 69% read a printed book, about the same as last year. Only 4% of readers are “e-book only” readers. The vast majority of e-book readers also read a printed book. (Report)

Read More

Topics: Libraries

Jan 23, 2014 2:07 pm

Anti-poll tax amendment is 50 years old today

$11.27

The value in today’s dollars of the annual poll tax once imposed by several Southern states.

Fifty years ago today, the 24th Amendment, prohibiting the use of poll taxes as voting qualifications in federal elections, became part of the U.S. Constitution. Poll taxes were among the devices used by Southern states to restrict African Americans (as well as poor whites, Native Americans and other marginalized populations) from voting. The taxes had been ubiquitous across the old Confederacy earlier in the 20th century, but by 1964 only five states — Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, Texas and Virginia — retained them.

The nominal amount of the taxes wasn’t very much, then or now. Alabama, Texas and Virginia set theirs at $1.50 per year, or $11.27 in today’s dollars; Arkansas had the lowest tax, $1 (or $7.51 today), while Mississippi’s was highest at $2 ($15.03 today). But the taxes were more onerous than they might appear. In Virginia, Alabama and Mississippi the taxes were cumulative, meaning a person seeking to vote had to pay the taxes for two or three years before they were eligible to register. Often only property owners were billed for the taxes, and the due dates were several months before the election. Virginia, Mississippi and Texas allowed cities and counties to impose local poll taxes on top of the state charge. And in some jurisdictions taxes had to be paid in person at the sheriff’s office, an intimidating prospect for many.

Also, as voting historian J. Morgan Kousser noted, the taxes had to be paid in cash, at a time when many black southerners had extremely low cash incomes: “[B]ecause sharecroppers, small farmers, factory workers, miners, and others bought most of their necessities on credit, they might not see more than a few dollars in cash during a year. To such men, who composed majorities or near-majorities of the adult male populations of every southern state at the turn of the century, a levy of a dollar or two might seem enormous and a cumulated poll tax, impossibly high.”

The 24th Amendment didn’t, however, mark the end of poll taxes in the United States. While it ended taxes as factors in federal elections, poll taxes remained in place for state and local elections. Arkansas effectively repealed its state poll tax in November 1964; it wasn’t till 1966 that the taxes in the four remaining states were struck down in a series of federal court decisions.

Category: Daily Number

Topics: Elections and Campaigns, Race and Ethnicity, Voting Issues

Jan 23, 2014 12:02 pm

Hispanics prioritize legalization for unauthorized immigrants over citizenship

FT_Deportation123After some movement in Congress in 2013, and then a stall, there are signs that immigration reform might move ahead in 2014. House Speaker John Boehner has indicated a new willingness to bring discussion about immigration reform to the House floor, and House Republicans are expected to issue specific proposals for changing the nation’s immigration laws in the coming weeks.

One sticking point has been what to do with the nation’s 11.7 million unauthorized immigrants. Should there be a path to citizenship for them or should they be offered a chance to remain in the country legally, but without a special path to citizenship? Just last year, the U.S. Senate passed a comprehensive immigration bill that included the possibility of citizenship with a 13-year waiting period for those who meet certain requirements, such as satisfying any applicable federal tax liability and learning English. It remains to be seen if House Republicans will include something similar in their immigration reform plans or if those plans will offer some other form of legalization for unauthorized immigrants.

At the same time, deportations of unauthorized immigrants have continued at near record levels. In fiscal year 2013, 368,644 immigrants were deported. That is down from the nearly 400,000 deported annually during the first term of the Obama administration, but remains above the level of deportations that occurred annually during the eight years of the Bush administration.  Read More

Topics: Immigration

Jan 23, 2014 11:40 am

Data Feed: Obama approval, inequality and mobility, cesarean births

A daily roundup of fresh data from scholars, governments, think tanks, pollsters and other social science researchers.

Politics
Obama’s fifth-year job approval ratings among most polarized, Gallup
Voters say U.S. still in recession; glad to know Snowden secrets, Fox News
Poll: Snowden, marijuana and Obama approval, CBS News
Obama seen as nice guy, so-so president, with topline, AP/ GfK
Economy/ jobs and healthcare are top voter priorities, Quinnipiac
Implications of this year’s Senate races for 2016, Real Clear Politics
How better educated whites are driving political polarization, The Washington Post

Economy
Most see inequality growing, but partisans differ over solutions, Pew Research Center
U.S. economic mobility hasn’t changed much over time, but varies across places, Equality of Opportunity Project
Widespread growth in GDP across industries in 2012, Bureau of Economic Analysis
Cities face a good, but not great, economic outlook, The Wall Street Journal
Household income trends: December 2013, Sentier Research
Size of gender pay gap varies by state, job,  The Pew Charitable Trusts
State governments spent more in 2012 than they took in, Census Bureau

Read More

Category: Data Feed

Jan 23, 2014 7:00 am

World Economic Forum survey identifies top 10 global risks for 2014

FT_Risks122The World Economic Forum is meeting in Davos this week, and as part of the agenda, the international organization released its annual Global Risks for 2014 survey to help identify potential pitfalls for the global economy in the year ahead. The survey of more than 700 representatives of the Forum’s global networks asks respondents to identify the five global risks that most concerned them among 31 pre-selected potential risks. Generally, economic and environmental woes topped the rankings.

The number one identified risk is fiscal crises in key economies, including the Eurozone, Japan and the U.S. Next in line at number two is structurally high unemployment and underemployment, as “people in both advanced and emerging economies struggle to find jobs.” The third ranked risk is water crises, which along with climate change (#5), extreme weather (#6), and food crises (#8), makes environmental risks high on the minds of these global experts. Severe income disparity, or inequality, is the fourth highest risk. Rounding out the top ten are failures in global governance (#7), failures in major financial mechanisms (#9), and profound social instability (#10).  Read More

Topics: World Economies

Jan 22, 2014 2:25 pm

5 facts about abortion

Today is the 41st anniversary of Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court’s decision establishing a woman’s constitutional right to abortion in the first three months of pregnancy. The March for Life, the annual anti-abortion rally in Washington, also takes place today, and abortion remains a divisive political issue.

Here are a few key facts about Americans’ views on the topic, based on recent Pew Research polling:

1More than six-in-ten (63%) U.S. adults say they would not like to see the Supreme Court completely overturn Roe v. Wade, while about three-in-ten (29%) want to see the ruling overturned. These figures have remained relatively stable for more than 20 years. Read More

Category: 5 Facts

Topics: Abortion