Feb 27, 2015 1:45 pm

Hispanics more likely than whites to say global warming is caused by humans

Hispanics are significantly more likely than whites to say the Earth is warming because of human activities and that the U.S. should do whatever it takes to protect the environment, a new Pew Research Center analysis finds.

Hispanics More Likely than Whites to Say Humans Have Warmed the PlanetOur analysis finds that Hispanics, who make up an increasing share of the U.S. voting population in presidential elections, stand out when it comes to their views of the environment. Recent surveys from other organizations have had similar results. Democrats, the party most Hispanics identify with, have been pushing for more government action on issues such as climate change.

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Topics: Energy and Environment, Hispanic/Latino Demographics

Feb 27, 2015 7:00 am

5 facts about religious hostilities in Europe

Religious Hostilities in Europe

While Europe is not the region with the highest level of religious hostilities – that remains the Middle East-North Africa region – harassment and attacks against religious minorities continue in many European countries. Indeed, according to a new study by the Pew Research Center, hostilities against Jews in particular have been spreading. Read More

Category: 5 Facts

Topics: Europe, Jews and Judaism, Muslims and Islam, Restrictions on Religion

Feb 26, 2015 10:55 am

5 key findings about global restrictions on religion

Pew Research Center has been tracking data on religious restrictions in nearly 200 countries and territories since 2007, producing a series of reports that analyze religion-related social hostilities and government restrictions on religion.

Here are key findings from the latest report, which updates the data through 2013:

1After a consistent rise in recent years, social hostilities – those perpetrated by individuals or groups in society – declined somewhat between 2012 and 2013. A little more than a quarter of the world’s countries (27%) experienced high or very high levels of religion-related hostilities by individuals or social groups in 2013, down from 33% in 2012. Meanwhile, restrictions on religion imposed by governments were relatively stable between 2012 (when 29% of countries had high or very high restrictions) and 2013 (27%). (For more on the index used to determine these measures, see the full report.) Read More

Topics: Christians and Christianity, Jews and Judaism, Muslims and Islam, Restrictions on Religion

Feb 26, 2015 10:55 am

Q/A: How Pew Research measures global restrictions on religion

Recently, the Pew Research Center released its sixth annual report examining global restrictions on religion. The report is a huge undertaking, detailing both government restrictions on religion and social hostilities toward religious groups in nearly 200 countries and territories.

Fact Tank sat down with Peter Henne, the study’s lead researcher, to learn more about the complex process of measuring religious restrictions.

Why do you measure global restrictions on religion rather than “religious freedom”?

We look for evidence of restrictions on religious belief and practice because they can be easier to measure in a transparent and objective manner. For example, we can find information on government policies that restrict certain types of religious practice – like conversion – but it is less likely that there will be information indicating whether individuals in a particular country feel free to convert from one religion to another. Read More

Topics: Religion and Government, Religion and Society, Research Methodology, Restrictions on Religion

Feb 26, 2015 9:19 am

As 2016 election looms, MSNBC shakes up its programming strategy

MSNBC has long relied on a roster of opinion-heavy shows with a liberal bent to carve out its place in the cable news world. But having struggled to keep pace with its competitors, the network has made moves suggesting that it is turning more to straight news in an effort to rebound.

Last week, MSNBC canceled two of its daytime opinion shows: “Ronan Farrow Daily” and “The Reid Report.” The move follows network president Phil Griffin’s end-of-2014 memo, which said that in 2015 “investing in original reporting” would be the channel’s focus.

On MSNBC, Opinion Dominates ReportingThis turn to reporting – and away from opinion – would be a significant change for the network. A 2012 Pew Research Center analysis found that MSNBC’s programming was 85% commentary/opinion and 15% factual reporting. By contrast, both CNN and Fox News Channel had a relatively even balance: 46% opinion vs. 54% reporting for CNN, and 55% opinion vs. 45% reporting for Fox News. Read More

Topics: Media Economics, Television

Feb 26, 2015 7:00 am

5 facts about consistent conservatives

The annual Conservative Political Action Conference begins this week, a three-day event hosted by the American Conservative Union where activists, officeholders, campaign consultants and others will hear from a dozen or so potential Republican presidential candidates – among them Jeb Bush, Scott Walker, Rand Paul, Chris Christie and Ted Cruz.

Last year’s series of Pew Research Center reports on political polarization used a 10-item scale of ideological consistency to place Americans into five categories: consistently conservative or liberal, mostly conservative or liberal, and mixed. By that metric, 9% of the public overall is consistently conservative, including 20% of Republicans and Republican leaners; most of the remaining Republicans and leaners were “mostly conservative” (33%) or had a mixture of liberal and conservative views (37%).

Here are five facts drawn from our package of reports about consistent conservatives: Read More

Category: 5 Facts

Topics: Political Attitudes and Values, Political Polarization

Feb 25, 2015 7:00 am

South Korea’s Millennials downbeat about payoff of education, future

In the early 1960s, South Korea had a per-capita gross domestic product comparable to that of Sierra Leone. Now, it is the 14th largest economy, but all that seems to mean little to the country’s next generation.

South Korea’s Millennials – whom we define as young people who came of age politically, economically and socially as the new millennium began – have a particularly dark view of the future, especially when compared with their counterparts around the world. In 2014, Millennials ranged in age from 18 to 33. (While some commentators have used the “Millennial” label to describe young adults in South Korea, the term is not as ubiquitous as it is in the U.S. For more on American Millennials, who are also defined by their shared cultural and historical experience, see the Pew Research Center’s extensive research.)

South Korean Millennials More PessimisticSouth Korean Millennials are downbeat about their country’s direction, doubtful of the future and pessimistic about their country’s relationship with China. South Korea is the only country in the Pew Research Center’s spring 2014 survey where young people were less likely than those ages 50 and older to say children in South Korea today will be better off financially than their parents. And despite ranking among the world’s leaders in student performance in math, science and reading, few South Korean Millennials see education and hard work as the way to get ahead in life. Read More

Topics: Asia and the Pacific, Educational Attainment, Generations and Age, Millennials

Feb 24, 2015 1:00 pm

Is U.S. fertility at an all-time low? It depends

U.S. fertility rates have reached another record low, at 62.5 births per 1,000 women of childbearing age, according to the most recent government figures. To some, this is cause for hand-wringing, as concerns arise that low fertility will spell problems for the nation’s economy; while others, concerned about limited natural resources, may look positively on the decline.

But aside from this debate, the question remains: Is this really a record low? The short answer is: It’s complicated.

That’s because there are different ways to measure fertility. Three of the most commonly used indicators of fertility are the general fertility rate (GFR); completed fertility; and the total fertility rate (TFR). All three reflect fertility behavior in slightly different ways – respectively, in terms of the annual rate at which women are presently having kids; the number of kids they ultimately have; or the hypothetical number they would likely have based upon present fertility patterns.

None of these indicators is “right” or “wrong,” but each tells a different story about when fertility bottomed out. Read More

Topics: Birth Rate and Fertility, Population Trends, Research Methodology

Feb 24, 2015 7:00 am

A college degree wasn’t always a ‘must’ for U.S. presidential candidates


With Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker poised to run for the Republican presidential nomination next year, and performing well in early polls, one aspect of his resume is drawing closer attention: his lack of a college degree.

Not that Walker is unusual compared with the overall U.S. population: In 2013, fewer than a third (31.7%) of Americans ages 25 and older had a bachelor’s degree or higher, according to the Digest of Education Statistics. But Walker’s lack of a four-year degree (he dropped out of Marquette University in 1990) does make him, in the words of conservative commentator Rich Lowry, “an extreme outlier among top elected officials – and the journalists and consultants who surround them.”

As we first wrote back in May 2014, the last person to win the White House without having a college degree was Harry Truman, who studied briefly at a local business college and a law school but didn’t graduate from either. Of course, Truman was the incumbent in 1948 when he beat University of Michigan and Columbia Law grad Thomas Dewey, having succeeded Harvard man Franklin Roosevelt more than three years earlier. Read More

Topics: Educational Attainment, Elections and Campaigns

Feb 23, 2015 7:00 am

6 facts about black Americans for Black History Month

Since 1976, Black History Month has been celebrated every February to commemorate the accomplishments of black Americans throughout history. In 2013, there were more than 38 million black Americans, a 74% increase since 1970, and the population is projected to grow to more than 55 million by 2060.

Over the past nearly 40 years, blacks have made progress on several fronts, including educational attainment and voting rates, but large gaps by race persist in areas such as wealth and poverty measures. Here are some facts about black Americans:

Black Dropout Rate at Record Low1High school dropout rates have declined faster among blacks ages 18 to 24 than the national average. Among blacks, the rate dropped from 24% in 1976 to 8% in 2013, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of Census Bureau data. Among all Americans, the rate also decreased, from 16% to 7% over this time period. At the same time, the share of blacks who have graduated from college has increased faster than the national average. For blacks, the share 25 and older who have at least a bachelor’s degree has increased from 7% in 1976 to 22% in 2013. Among all Americans, the share has increased from 15% to 32% over the same time period.  Read More

Category: 5 Facts

Topics: African Americans, Income Inequality, Race and Ethnicity, Voter Participation