November 6, 2015

The U.S. isn’t the only nation with big partisan divides on climate change

Climate change negotiators who will gather in Paris later this month enjoy broad public backing for their efforts, according to a new Pew Research Center survey. People polled in 40 nations that account for 76% of the world’s population say global warming is a very or somewhat serious problem, and they overwhelmingly want action to curb greenhouse gas emissions.

But such broad support masks significant partisan differences in some key countries that may complicate implementation of any climate accord. Several wealthy nations, including those among the top 20 carbon dioxide-emitting nations, have strong political divisions on the issue.

Stark U.S. Partisan Differences on Climate Change

Nowhere is this partisan divide potentially more consequential for the success of any international effort to slow global warming than in the United States. Just 45% of Americans express intense concern about global warming. But Democrats (68%) are much more concerned than Republicans (20%) about climate change, a 48-percentage-point differential. And Democrats (82%) are more willing than GOP adherents (50%) to support government efforts to reduce CO2 emissions, a 32-point gap.

Democrats are also 24 percentage points more likely than Republicans to believe that people will have to make major lifestyle changes to reduce the effects of climate change, and are 10 points more likely to say rich countries should do more than developing ones to address the issue.

But the U.S. is not alone in its partisan clashes on this issue. In Australia, disagreements over global warming within the ruling, right-of-center Liberal Party contributed to the 2015 ouster of Prime Minister Tony Abbott and his replacement by Malcolm Turnbull. Just 16% of Australian Liberals think global warming is a very serious problem, compared with 58% of Labor Party supporters and 79% of Greens. Similarly, while 65% of Liberals back government action to curb emissions, that share is far smaller than the 88% of Labor backers and 98% of Greens who concur.

Significant Partisan Divides in Other Major Economies

In Canada, which in October elected a left-of-center Liberal government, there are similar partisan differences over climate change. Just 27% of the supporters of the Conservative party, which just lost power, believe that global warming is a very serious problem. This compares with 57% of Liberals. And, while 76% of Conservatives nonetheless back limits on emissions, 91% of Liberals support such action.

The partisan divide extends to Germany and the UK, where followers of right-of-center parties are much less likely than those with left-leaning parties to be worried about climate change.

In Germany, adherents of the Green Party, which is not part of the ruling government coalition, are significantly more likely (75%) than backers of both ruling coalition partners, the right-of-center Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union (43%) and the left-of-center Social Democratic Party (62%), to see climate change as a very serious problem.

Similarly, in the UK, supporters of the ruling Conservative Party (28%) are far less likely than backers of the Labour Party (47%) to be intensely worried about global warming. And Labour (87%) adherents are more likely than Conservatives (75%) to favor government action to limit emissions.

Topics: Energy and Environment, International Governments and Institutions

  1. Photo of Bruce Stokes

    is director of global economic attitudes at Pew Research Center.


  1. Donald Price2 years ago

    I’m well educated in the physical sciences, and I believe the Climate Change issue is nonsense. The climate is changing constantly, regardless of human effects. Politicians are filling their pockets through investing in industries which they make into winners, such as wind and solar, by means to media manipulation and legislation. The educational establishment is in the vanguard of climate-change propaganda. is fully onboard with the Cassandras, and is deeply compromised. The high numbers of ignorant people who believe the climate-change promoters do not make it a fact.

    1. Mal Adapted2 years ago

      Mr. Price,

      If you are well-educated in the physical sciences, then you probably know of the US National Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society of the UK. A couple of years ago, the NAS and RS jointly published a 34-page booklet titled “Climate Change: Evidence and Causes”. It’s written for educated non-scientists and is free to download at this link:…

      It begins with these words (emphasis in the original): “CLIMATE CHANGE IS ONE OF THE DEFINING ISSUES OF OUR TIME. It is now more certain than ever, based on many lines of evidence, that humans are changing Earth’s climate.”

      You believe “the Climate Change issue is nonsense. The climate is changing constantly, regardless of human effects.” How do you account for your disagreement with the combined expertise of two of the world’s most respected scientific societies?

      BTW, this is not an argument from authority but an argument from competence. Setting partisan rhetoric aside, those of us who aren’t specialists in climate science are justified in deferring to those who are. In any case, this comment thread is hardly a forum for scientific debate. If you feel you are well-enough educated in the physical sciences to dispute the lopsided consensus of working climate scientists, by all means argue with them, in the appropriate refereed venues.

  2. Bob Bingham2 years ago

    The countries where climate denial is greatest are also the countries where the American media is strongest. Murdoch owned media is particularly is interested in politics and big industry.

  3. Packard Day2 years ago

    If you are an investor, sometimes this whole “climate change” nonsense begins to feel just too much ike stealing candy from cognitively disabled children. Even if the profits are above board and perfectly legal, it still does not make it right. It just doesn’t…On the other hand, if people can feel better about themselves by buying “green,” then why not sell it to them? We are only giving them what they want. Right?