October 5, 2015

California legalizes assisted suicide amid growing support for such laws

In a huge victory for the right-to-die movement, California Gov. Jerry Brown has signed into law a bill that legalizes doctor-assisted suicide for terminally ill patients in the nation’s most populous state. Brown’s action ends a yearlong saga prompted in part by the case of the late Brittany Maynard.

Maynard was a California native suffering from terminal brain cancer who made national headlines last year when she moved to Oregon (the first U.S. state to legally allow physician-assisted suicide) in order to be able to end her life. Before her death at age 29 on Nov. 1, 2014, she lobbied for California and other states to legalize doctor-assisted suicide, and her family has continued to advocate for the cause.

The California legislation initially stalled amid opposition from the Catholic Church and other opponents. However, it was reintroduced and passed on Sept. 11 in a special legislative session.

Increasing Support for Doctor-Assisted SuicideThe action in California comes at a time when Americans’ opinions on assisted suicide are changing dramatically, according to a Gallup survey conducted in May of this year. Roughly two-thirds of U.S. adults (68%) say doctors should be allowed by law to assist patients who are terminally ill and living in severe pain to commit suicide. That’s an increase of 10 percentage points in just one year, and 17 points over two years.

More Americans View Assisted Suicide as Morally AcceptableThe rise in support for legal assisted suicide has been especially dramatic among younger adults, like Maynard. Indeed, about eight-in-ten Americans between the ages of 18 and 34 (81%) favor such laws, a rise from 62% in a 2014 Gallup survey.

Gallup also has found that an increasing share of Americans say doctor-assisted suicide, in general, is morally acceptable. In 2015, 56% say it is morally OK, up from 45% two years prior.

Pew Research Center most recently asked Americans about their views on end-of-life medical issues – including whether a person has a moral right to end his or her own life in certain circumstances – in 2013. Most Americans said this moral right does exist in cases where a person has a disease that is incurable (56%) or when the person is suffering great pain and has no hope of improvement (62%); both figures have increased in recent decades.

In both cases, religiously unaffiliated Americans (atheists, agnostics and those with no particular religion) were roughly twice as likely as white evangelical Protestants and black Protestants to say that people in those situations have a moral right to suicide.

With Brown’s signature, California becomes one of five states to allow doctor-assisted suicide, joining Oregon, Washington, Montana and Vermont. The New Mexico Supreme Court is scheduled to hear arguments on the issue later this month.

Other countries also allow assisted suicide. Earlier this year, for instance, Canada’s Supreme Court ruled that all Canadians have a right to doctor-assisted suicide. The Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium and Luxembourg are among the other nations that allow assisted dying in some form. The  issue also has been debated in Germany and France.

British lawmakers, meanwhile, recently voted against proposals that would have legalized assisted dying in England and Wales.

Topics: Church-State Law, Death and Dying, Health, Health Care, Religion and Government, Religion and Society, Religion and U.S. Politics

  1. Photo of Michael Lipka

    is an editor focusing on religion at Pew Research Center.

5 Comments

  1. Ahmed Rabie8 months ago

    I strongly refuse this matter because:
    1- Right of life not one of our properities but it’s agrant from God so the God who granted it and who just has the right to take it away .
    2- The discion of end the life is irrivisible discion ,if the patient took his dicsion wrongly he can’t restify it .

  2. Lynn Weitzel9 months ago

    The End-of-Life Option Bill allows doctors to prescribe, only to patients who request them, pills that will end their suffering. That suffering can be physical pain, loss of bodily functions from bowel and bladder to use of limbs and voice, inability to breathe, seizures, and other symptoms which cannot be controlled. These patients historically have used guns or other methods of killing themselves violently. This bill allows a kinder, gentler dying process. The process is not “physician assisted,” as the physician cannot administer the medication. The patient must do it. Also, it really isn’t “suicide,” as one who commits suicide has livable life ahead of him or her. The people who will use the provisions of this bill are already dying. Using the medication will merely hasten the process of dying. These patients are brave enough to discuss the fact that they are dying, make plans for their physical death that can include family and friends in the process, and die in a dignified manner.
    The terminology you have used in this article confuses the issue and shows a lack of correct information about the bills being presented in many states. I would hope that as more states debate such legislation your staff will report it more accurately.

  3. Susan Crosson9 months ago

    Too bad you continue to fan the fire of those who believe this law will require one’s doctor to force suicide on patients. If you had used the correct title of California’s SB 128 “End of Life Option Bill”, you would have helped people’s understanding of this bill.

    Just as those in Roseburg who refuse the say the name of the recent shooter at Umpqua College, using proper terminology gives a more accurate picture of this very important legislation.

  4. Bill B9 months ago

    Last US states (2012) report that 64% of gun deaths in the US are suicides. So, should a person taking their own life with a gun just see that gun as another method of “assisted” suicide?

    Coming soon! “Assisted suicide gun doctors?”

  5. Alan Lasnover9 months ago

    The facts suggest a trend that those with terminal illness and futile reduction of pain will have control over their destiny. It is sorrowful to see that the British have yet to reach this understanding.