Indians nearly universally say it is important for women to have the same rights as men, including eight-in-ten who say this is very important.
Indians accept women as political leaders, but many favor traditional gender roles in family life.
Indians see religious tolerance as a central part of who they are as a nation. Across the major religious groups, most people say it is very important to respect all religions to be “truly Indian.”
In 2018, the global median level of government restrictions on religion – that is, laws, policies and actions by officials that impinge on religious beliefs and practices – continued to climb, reaching an all-time high since Pew Research Center began tracking these trends in 2007.
Over the centuries, the relationship between science and religion has ranged from conflict and hostility to harmony and collaboration, while various thinkers have argued that the two concepts are inherently at odds and entirely separate.
Over the centuries, the relationship between science and religion has ranged from conflict and hostility to harmony and collaboration. Insights from in-depth interviews with Muslims, Hindus and Buddhists highlight the distinct ways people think about science and religion and where tensions arise between the two.
A median of 45% across 34 surveyed countries say it is necessary to believe in God to be moral and have good values. However, public opinion on this question, as well as the role of God, prayer and religion varies by country, region and economic development.
Household size and composition often vary by religious affiliation, data from 130 countries and territories reveals. Muslims and Hindus have larger households than Christians and religious “nones,” influenced in part by regional norms.
Buddhists made up roughly 7% of the world’s population in 2015. Half of the world’s Buddhists live in China.
Young adults tend to be less religious than their elders by several measures; the opposite is rarely true. This pattern holds true across many countries that have different religious, economic and social profiles.