On issues including national identity and religious minorities, views among UK adults align very closely to general opinion across the EU.
Germany has seen a dramatic shift away from Protestantism – one that has greatly outpaced a decline in the share of Germans who are Catholic.
Within Europe, there are sometimes sizable differences in levels of religious commitment. A new interactive lets you explore these differences.
Pope Francis begins a four-day trip this weekend to the Baltic states, the first papal visit to these countries in 25 years. While the Baltic countries have a substantial Christian population, only Lithuania and Latvia have large numbers of Catholics.
American adults – both Christian and unaffiliated – are considerably more religious than their European counterparts by a variety of measures. For instance, about two-thirds of U.S. Christians pray daily, compared with a median of just 18% of Christians across 15 European countries.
Across Western Europe, people who say they personally know a Muslim are generally more likely than others to have positive opinions of Muslims and their religion. However, knowing something about Islam – as opposed to personally knowing a Muslim – is less associated with positive feelings of Muslims and Islam.
The vast majority of adults in Central and Eastern Europe identify with a religious group and believe in God. But one country is an exception to this pattern: the Czech Republic.
Most people in Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia seem willing to share their societies with ethnic and religious groups different from their own.