In Brazil – home to the world’s largest Catholic population – a majority of Catholics are in favor of allowing priests to marry.
On issues including national identity and religious minorities, views among UK adults align very closely to general opinion across the EU.
Germany has seen a dramatic shift away from Protestantism – one that has greatly outpaced a decline in the share of Germans who are Catholic.
Within Europe, there are sometimes sizable differences in levels of religious commitment. A new interactive lets you explore these differences.
Pope Francis begins a four-day trip this weekend to the Baltic states, the first papal visit to these countries in 25 years. While the Baltic countries have a substantial Christian population, only Lithuania and Latvia have large numbers of Catholics.
American adults – both Christian and unaffiliated – are considerably more religious than their European counterparts by a variety of measures. For instance, about two-thirds of U.S. Christians pray daily, compared with a median of just 18% of Christians across 15 European countries.
Across Western Europe, people who say they personally know a Muslim are generally more likely than others to have positive opinions of Muslims and their religion. However, knowing something about Islam – as opposed to personally knowing a Muslim – is less associated with positive feelings of Muslims and Islam.
The vast majority of adults in Central and Eastern Europe identify with a religious group and believe in God. But one country is an exception to this pattern: the Czech Republic.
Most people in Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia seem willing to share their societies with ethnic and religious groups different from their own.