A look at current best practices in survey questionnaire translation and how Pew Research Center applies these approaches.
Ariana Monique Salazar
Indians accept women as political leaders, but many favor traditional gender roles in family life.
In recent weeks, protests in India over Muslim headscarves in schools have gained international attention.
Asking balanced questions required investing considerable time and effort into developing and testing the questionnaire.
Today, there are millions of Christians in India, although they make up just 2.4% of the country’s massive population.
Indians see religious tolerance as a central part of who they are as a nation. Across the major religious groups, most people say it is very important to respect all religions to be “truly Indian.”
A median of 45% across 34 surveyed countries say it is necessary to believe in God to be moral and have good values. However, public opinion on this question, as well as the role of God, prayer and religion varies by country, region and economic development.
In many European countries and the United States, women do not actually differ significantly from men in their views about abortion.
Laws enacted in several European countries that restrict the religious clothing of Muslim women are largely in line with Western European attitudes on the issue.
Religious belief is much more common than religious practice among Orthodox Christians in Central and Eastern Europe.