This report was written by Mark Hugo Lopez, Director of Race and Ethnicity Research and Mohamad Moslimani, Research Assistant. Editorial guidance was provided by Jens Manuel Krogstad, Senior Writer/Editor, Ana Gonzalez-Barrera, Senior Researcher, and Luis Noe-Bustamante, Research Analyst.

The report was number checked by Lauren Mora, Research Assistant. Shannon Greenwood produced the report. David Kent copy edited the report. Charts were designed by Moslimani and Lopez.

Find related reports online at