October 28, 2016

Obama job approval higher, but views of him are still the most polarized in recent history

As the campaign to elect the next president enters its final days, approval of Barack Obama’s job performance is as high as it has been at any point over the past four years.

Yet Obama’s approval ratings, on average, continue to be more politically polarized than any president’s dating back to Dwight Eisenhower.

A new Pew Research Center survey finds that 54% of the public approves of Obama’s job performance, while 42% disapprove. Obama’s job rating has not been this positive since December 2012, a month after his re-election, when it stood at 55%.

Since the start of the year, the share of Americans who approve of Obama’s job performance has increased 8 percentage points, while the share that disapproves has fallen 6 points. The rise in overall ratings is due to improving views among Democrats and independents; there has been little change in Republicans’ ratings of the president.

Obama’s job ratings are in positive territory despite the fact that views of his performance are more polarized than for any president in surveys dating back to the 1950s. An average of just 14% of Republicans have approved of Obama over the course of his presidency, compared with an average of 81% of Democrats. The gap in partisan presidential ratings has widened in recent decades as Americans have grown more divided in their basic values and beliefs along partisan lines and as partisan animosity has increased.

Obama’s job approval is much higher than that of his predecessor, George W. Bush, at a similar point in his second term. In October 2008, just 25% approved of the job Bush was doing. Bush’s ratings fell modestly in his final year in office.

Ronald Reagan and Bill Clinton both saw improvements in their approval ratings late in their second terms. In October 1988, 51% approved of the job Reagan was doing as president, and by December of that year, his approval had risen to 63%. Similarly, Clinton’s approval rose from the mid-50s in the summer of 2000 to 61% by January 2001.

While most approve of the job Obama is doing, just 33% say they are satisfied with the way things are going in the country. In recent elections, incumbent presidential approval – rather than national satisfaction – has proven to be the stronger indicator of vote choice, with a strong correlation between approval of the incumbent president and support for the presidential candidate of the same party.

Note: A previous version of this post misstated the year for Reagan’s second-term approval ratings.

Topics: U.S. Political Parties, Presidential Approval, Political Polarization, 2016 Election

  1. Photo of Alec Tyson

    is a senior researcher focusing on U.S. politics and policy at Pew Research Center.


  1. Anonymous10 months ago

    Obama does not get the credit he deserves in saving the US economy from melting down like it did over seas. He saved the auto industry and the millions of jobs that support it. he gave us health care which is a GOOD thing despite what republicans would have you believe. He did all he could to end two wars and bring our soldiers home from Iraq and Afghanistan. He put an end to Osama Bin Laden. He led our economy back onto solid ground so that the next president will have something to build on Which is a lot more than can be said for Obama’s predecessor George Bush. During this time of crises the Republicans have obstructed his presidency in toto. He has done more than any previous president could do with one arm tied behind his back by Mitch McConnel and John Bohner and Paul Ryan and Fox News the bane of this country.
    When Politics holds the american people hostage politics has to end. When the government of the United States is shut down because Republicans are not getting their way then they have to pay a steep price. I hope they pay this price this November.

  2. Anonymous10 months ago

    Obama could do much better in his two presidential terms, but he didn’t. The biggest problem of Obama is he doesn’t know who he is and what he should do. People appreciate his ideals, but unhappy about compromises he made. On the contrary, Bush knows what he is and what he should do pretty well, maybe results were not very good, but at least he gained something for the country, instead of losing too many things.

    1. Anonymous10 months ago

      Yeah but with a Republican Congress, I doubt you’ll be able to accomplish much