7 demographic trends shaping the U.S. and the world in 2018
Ahead of the Population Association of America’s annual meeting, read seven important recent demographic findings.
U.S. trade deficits with other countries can vary significantly, depending on how they’re measured
The United States runs a far larger merchandise trade deficit with China than with any other nation. But when the trade deficit is measured in other ways, the U.S. actually has a larger imbalance with countries outside of China.
Asylum claims in Canada reached highest level in decades in 2017
More people sought asylum in Canada in 2017 than at any point in at least a quarter-century. Furthermore, the 50,420 asylum applications Canada received in 2017 were more than double the number in 2016.
U.S. foreign policy experts are more pessimistic about democracy than their European counterparts
Foreign policy experts on opposite sides of the Atlantic have markedly different assessments of the way democracy is working in their countries.
Despite talk of ‘trade war’ with China, highest U.S. tariffs are on imports from other Asian countries
The highest U.S. tariffs aren’t on imports from its biggest trading partners, but on products from several developing South Asian nations whose exports are heavily weighted toward clothing, footwear and other products that the U.S. generally taxes highly.
East Coast and Texas metros had the most H-1B visas for skilled workers from 2010 to 2016
The employment of high-skilled foreign workers with H-1B visas centered in large East Coast and Texas metro areas in fiscal 2010-2016.
U.S. tariffs vary a lot, but the highest duties tend to be on imported clothing
Average tariff rates, while useful for comparison, can obscure the wide range of rates imposed on different classes of imports and on specific products.
U.S. tariffs are among the lowest in the world – and in the nation’s history
The Trump administration’s plans to impose $50 billion in tariffs on Chinese imports, as well as tariffs recently placed on imported steel and aluminum and on imports of solar panels and washing machines, mark a distinct break from decades of U.S. trade policy, which long has generally favored lower tariffs and fewer restrictions on the movement of goods and services across international borders.
People in less democratic countries are more likely to say China and Russia respect personal freedoms
People who live in countries where the political system is less than “fully democratic” tend to give Beijing and Moscow higher marks for upholding individual rights than people who live in full democracies, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis of public opinion in 38 countries across the globe.
Negative views of democracy more widespread in countries with low political affiliation
Across 35 nations, a median of 26% do not identify with any political party in their country. In countries where more people are unaffiliated with any political party, popular support for representative democracy is also lower.