White evangelical Protestants voted as heavily for Republican candidate Mitt Romney as they did for the GOP candidates in 2008 and 2004, and they made up about the same share of the electorate as they did in the two previous elections.
Barack Obama won 60% of the vote among those younger than 30, down from 66% in 2008, but his youth support may have been an even more important factor in his victory this year.
Obama's margin of victory was much smaller than in 2008 and he lost ground among white evangelical Protestants and white Catholics. But the basic religious contours of the 2012 electorate resemble recent elections.
Pew Research Center analyzes the electorate, voter turnout and the issues that affected President Obama's reelection win in 2012.
A sizable minority of adults choose not to vote or are unable to vote. They will affect the outcome of the presidential election by their absence. Who are they?
As the presidential campaign enters its final week, the race is even among likely voters: 47% favor Barack Obama and the same percentage supports Mitt Romney. While Romney holds a turnout advantage, Obama leads on many personal characteristics and issues.
Three-quarters of Latino Catholics and eight-in-ten religiously unaffiliated Latinos support President Barack Obama's re-election, while just 50% of Latino evangelical Protestants prefer Obama and 39% support Mitt Romney.
Latino registered voters prefer President Obama over Republican challenger Mitt Romney by 69% to 21%; express growing satisfaction with the direction of the nation and the state of their personal finances; but are somewhat less certain than non-Hispanics that they will vote in this election.
Catholics are often identified as a major "swing" voting group in American politics. A new analysis shows that the only group of Catholics that has been divided in recent elections is white Catholics who identify as political moderates
Mitt Romney no longer trails Barack Obama in Pew Research Center polling. Voters say Romney did a better job than Obama in the Oct. 3 debate. Romney is now better regarded on most personal dimensions and most issues than he was in September.