Today, more than 80 countries either have an official religion or favor one or more religious groups over others.
God or the divine is mentioned at least once in each of the 50 state constitutions and nearly 200 times overall.
Russia is widely viewed by the region’s Orthodox Christians as an important counterweight to Western influences and as a global protector of Orthodox and ethnic Russian populations.
Religion has reasserted itself as an important part of individual and national identity in many places where communist regimes once repressed religious worship and promoted atheism.
Religion has reasserted itself as an important part of individual and national identity in a region that was once dominated by atheist communist regimes.
While sub-Saharan Africa had fewer religious restrictions than many other parts of the world in 2015, it experienced a larger increase than any other region.
Brazil and Japan were among countries with the lowest levels of religious restrictions in 2015, while Russia and Egypt were among countries with the highest.
Europe in 2015 saw a rise in social hostilities involving religion, particularly against the continent’s Muslims.
Thirty-eight European governments harassed religious groups in limited or widespread ways in 2015, while 24 used some type of force against religious groups.
The vast majority of the nation’s federal lawmakers (91%) describe themselves as Christians, compared with 71% of U.S. adults who say the same.