The U.S. Hispanic population is diverse. These nearly 60 million individuals trace their heritage to Spanish-speaking countries in Latin America and to Spain, each with distinct demographic and economic profiles. But as migration patterns from Latin America change, the origins of U.S. Hispanics are beginning to shift.
Much of the downturn in the share of immigrant births to Hispanics has been driven by a decline in births among Mexican-origin women.
In 18 states and the District of Columbia, Latino children accounted for at least 20% of public school kindergarten students in 2017.
The most common age was 11 for Hispanics, 27 for blacks and 29 for Asians as of last July. Multiracial Americans were by far the youngest racial or ethnic group.
The population of Puerto Rico stood at 3.2 million in 2018, its lowest point since 1979 and down sharply from 2017.
Jeffrey S. Passel, senior demographer, on the research techniques used to derive the unauthorized immigrant population estimate in the U.S. and the challenges involved.
The U.S. Hispanic population reached a record 59.9 million in 2018, up from 2017. Population growth among Latinos has slowed since the 2000s.
More than 40 million people living in the U.S. were born in another country, accounting for about one-fifth of the world’s migrants in 2017.
Recently arrived immigrants have markedly different education, income and other characteristics from those who have been in the U.S. for longer.
Key charts and stats about immigrants in the United States from 1980 to 2017.