Four of the 10 most populous countries will no longer be among the top 10 in 2100 – and all four will be supplanted by rapidly growing African nations.
For the first time in modern history, the world’s population is expected to virtually stop growing by the end of this century.
As of July 2018, the world’s population is 7.63 billion. More than half of all people around the globe live in just seven countries.
While Muslims are still a relatively small share of Europe’s population (roughly 5%), they are set to continue rising as a percentage of Europe’s population.
Read a Q&A with Conrad Hackett, associate director of research and senior demographer at Pew Research Center, on estimating the European Muslim population.
Take a look at 10 recent findings on demographic trends, ranging from global refugee and migrant flows to changes to family life and living arrangements.
By 2060, more than four-in-ten Christians and 27% of Muslims around the world will call sub-Saharan Africa home.
Though the percentage of religiously "nones" in America has risen, the global share of religiously unaffiliated people is expected to fall in coming decades.
While the world’s population is projected to grow 32% in the coming decades, the number of Muslims is expected to increase by 70% – from 1.8 billion in 2015 to nearly 3 billion in 2060.
More babies were born to Christian mothers than to members of any other religion in recent years. Less than 20 years from now, however, the number of babies born to Muslims is expected to modestly exceed births to Christians.