The pervasive conflicts that have gripped the Middle East over recent years have also taken a serious toll on the outlook of people across the region.
Since we began polling the Turkish people in 2002, never have more than three-in-ten held a favorable view of the U.S.
Publics in emerging nations now rival those in advanced economies in their self-reported well-being.
The public continues to support the U.S. military campaign against Islamic militants in Iraq and Syria. But most Americans say the U.S. military effort against ISIS is not going well.
Tunisian support for democracy has declined steeply since the early days of the Arab Spring. Just 48% of Tunisians now say democracy is preferable to other kinds of government, down from 63% in 2012.
In a rare display of bipartisanship, majorities of both Republicans (64%) and Democrats (60%) approve of President Obama’s plan for a military campaign against Islamic militants in Iraq and Syria.
Most Americans say they sympathize “a lot” (34%) or “some” (32%) with Israel, while roughly a quarter sympathize with Israel “not much” (15%) or “not at all” (12%).
Most Pakistanis remain unhappy with the country’s direction, but the public mood is more positive than it has been in recent years. The share saying the economy is in good shape has doubled since last year, and nearly two-thirds view Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif favorably.
While the Kurds are a crucial part of Iraq’s political makeup, they are an ethnic group, not a distinct religious sect within Islam.
The American public backs airstrikes against Islamic militants in Iraq and more now say the U.S. has a responsibility to act, but there is widespread concern about the U.S. becoming too involved in the situation.