The country took in 84,995 refugees, the most since 1999. But where they settled varied widely, with some states taking in large numbers and others very few.
Learn more about a variety of factors driving the anti-establishment sentiments that are spreading throughout much of Europe.
With the number of displaced people in the world at more than 60 million in 2015, the plight of refugees has gained new prominence.
The United Nations is hosting a summit on Sept. 19 to address the issue of refugees and migrants. Learn about European views of refugees through five charts.
The number of refugees who have entered Europe this summer has declined compared with last year, but the backlog of asylum applications continues to grow.
Worldwide, an estimated $582 billion was sent by migrants to relatives in their home countries in 2015, a 2% decline from 2014.
The recent wave of asylum seekers to 28 EU countries, Norway and Switzerland accounts for one-in-ten asylum applications to the region since 1985.
Germany received an unprecedented 442,000 individual first-time asylum applications in 2015 – the highest annual number ever received by a European country over the past 30 years. Asylum applicants to Germany alone accounted for about one-third of Europe’s 2015 asylum seekers.
More than half in Greece (63%) and Italy (53%) say that growing diversity makes their countries a worse place to live. Roughly four-in-ten Hungarians (41%) and Poles (40%) agree.
The refugee crisis and the threat of terrorism are very much related in the minds of many Europeans. Across the EU there are also sharp ideological divides on views about minorities, diversity and national identity.