Border apprehensions are rising quickly and the demographic profile of apprehended migrants is changing.
While Mexico is the United States' largest source of immigrants, the number of Mexican immigrants living in the U.S. illegally has declined since 2007.
The number of Mexican unauthorized immigrants has fallen since its peak of 6.9 million in 2007 and was lower in 2017 than in any year since 2001.
The number of migrant apprehensions at the U.S.-Mexico border rose by 42% in October and November of 2016 compared with the same two-month period in 2015.
Apprehensions of children and their families at the U.S.-Mexico border since October 2015 have more than doubled from a year ago and now outnumber apprehensions of unaccompanied children, a figure that also increased this year.
in 2014, 88% of Latinos ages 5 to 17 said they either speak only English at home or speak English “very well,” up from 73% in 2000.
This change comes after a period in which net migration of Mexicans to the U.S. had fallen to lows not seen since the 1940s.
From 1965 to 2015, more than 16 million Mexicans migrated to the U.S. in one of the largest mass migrations in modern history. But Mexican migration to the U.S. has slowed in recent years. Today, Mexico also increasingly serves as a land bridge for Central American immigrants traveling to the U.S.
The number of Puerto Ricans living in Florida has surpassed 1 million for the first time, while the Empire State's Puerto Rican population has remained flat.
Last year, 84,000 people left Puerto Rico for the U.S. mainland, a 38% increase from 2010. At the same time, the number of people moving to Puerto Rico from the mainland declined.