With the number of displaced people in the world at more than 60 million in 2015, the plight of refugees has gained new prominence.
The recent wave of asylum seekers to 28 EU countries, Norway and Switzerland accounts for one-in-ten asylum applications to the region since 1985.
But the U.S. and Europe are quite different when it comes to their migrant populations’ origin countries.
The UK has the fifth-largest immigrant population in the world, at 8.5 million.
The recent historic migration surge into Europe has led to a large jump in the immigrant share of populations in many European nations, with the notable exceptions of the UK and France, which saw more modest increases.
By a wide margin, the U.S. has more immigrants than any other country in the world.
In 2015, there were a record 96,000 unaccompanied child migrants seeking asylum in Europe.
The renewal of diplomatic and economic ties has drawn widespread support in the U.S., but significant partisan differences on the future of the relationship between the two countries remain.
In 2015, more than 1.8 million people crossed the European Union’s borders illegally, up from 280,000 detections of illegal border crossings in 2014.
From 1965 to 2015, more than 16 million Mexicans migrated to the U.S. in one of the largest mass migrations in modern history. But Mexican migration to the U.S. has slowed in recent years. Today, Mexico also increasingly serves as a land bridge for Central American immigrants traveling to the U.S.