In 2017, an estimated 10.5 million unauthorized immigrants lived in the United States, down from a peak of 12.2 million in 2007. Explore trends in the unauthorized immigrant population for U.S. states, as well as for birth countries and regions, based on Pew Research Center estimates.
Recently arrived immigrants have markedly different education, income and other characteristics from those who have been in the U.S. for longer.
Key charts and stats about immigrants in the United States from 1980 to 2017.
There were a record 44.4 million immigrants living in the U.S. in 2017, making up 13.6% of the nation’s population. This represents a more than fourfold increase since 1960.
This statistical profile of the foreign-born population in the 50 states and the District of Columbia is based on Pew Research Center tabulations of the Census Bureau’s 2010 and 2017 American Community Survey (ACS) and the 1960-2000 decennial censuses.
As of 2017, 19% of the national immigrant population lives in the top five counties: Los Angeles County, Calif.; Miami-Dade County, Fla.; Harris County, Texas; Queens County, N.Y. and Cook County, Ill.
Proposals to change the U.S. immigration system have received renewed attention under the Trump administration. Read key details about U.S. immigration programs.
In 2016, the 20 U.S. metro areas with the most unauthorized immigrants were home to 6.5 million of them, or 61% of the estimated total.
Sortable table of estimates of unauthorized immigrant populations in 182 U.S. metropolitan areas, derived from a sample of census data.
Pew Research Center estimates that 10.7 million unauthorized immigrants, the lowest level in a decade, lived in the U.S. in 2016. Select a measure from the dropdown below to view state by state data on unauthorized immigration.