After four- decades that brought 12 million current immigrants -- more than half of whom came illegally -- the net migration flow from Mexico to the United States has stopped and may have reversed.
Hispanics and Asians are gaining jobs at a faster rate in the economic recovery than are blacks and whites, and immigrants are outpacing the native born. The disparities reflect the rapidly changing demographics of the U.S. workforce.
There are an estimated 214 million people who have migrated across international borders as of 2010. Almost half of the migrants are Christians while a little over a quarter of them are Muslims. The vast majority end up immigrating to a relatively few areas -- North America, Europe, Australia and the Arab states of the Persian Gulf.
Select one of 231 countries or the global view and choose "into" or "out of" to see a snapshot of how many people have migrated to and from the country as of 2010.
A new Pew Hispanic Center analysis of Census Bureau data shows the foreign-born population in the U.S.—39.9 million in 2010—is 1.6% greater than it was in 2009, markedly lower than the reported increase of 4%. The new growth estimate stems from the Center’s revisions to the 2009 Census data.
Former House Speaker Newt Gingrich’s recent endorsement of a proposal to create a path for unauthorized immigrants to gain legal status if they have lived in the country for a long period of time has prompted renewed interest in the characteristics of this population. An analysis finds that nearly two-thirds of the 10.2 million unauthorized adult immigrants have lived in the U.S. for at least ten years.
Births have overtaken immigration as the main driver of the dynamic growth in the U.S. Hispanic population, especially among the largest of all Hispanic groups -- Mexican-Americans.
The 2010 Census counted 50.5 million Hispanics in the United States. Hispanics now account for 16.3% of the total population. Among children ages 17 and younger, there were 17.1 million Latinos in 2010, or 23.1% of this age group. Overall, racial and ethnic minorities accounted for 91.7% of the nation's growth over the decade.
Senior research staff answer questions from readers relating to all the areas covered by our seven projects, ranging from polling techniques and findings, to media, technology, religious, demographic and global attitudes trends.
This statistical profile of the foreign-born population is based on Pew Hispanic Center tabulations of the Census Bureau’s 2009 American Community Survey.