There were a record 42.2 million immigrants living in the U.S. in 2014, making up 13.2% of the nation’s population.
There were 55.3 million Hispanics in the United States in 2014, comprising 17.3% of the total U.S. population.
This change comes after a period in which net migration of Mexicans to the U.S. had fallen to lows not seen since the 1940s.
The nation’s largest annual demography conference, the Population Association of America meeting, featured new research on topics including couples who live in separate homes, children of multiracial couples, transgender Americans, immigration law enforcement and how climate change affects migration.
The renewal of diplomatic and economic ties has drawn widespread support in the U.S., but significant partisan differences on the future of the relationship between the two countries remain.
In 2015, more than 1.8 million people crossed the European Union’s borders illegally, up from 280,000 detections of illegal border crossings in 2014.
From 1965 to 2015, more than 16 million Mexicans migrated to the U.S. in one of the largest mass migrations in modern history. But Mexican migration to the U.S. has slowed in recent years. Today, Mexico also increasingly serves as a land bridge for Central American immigrants traveling to the U.S.
Out of 45 million U.S. arrivals by air and sea whose tourist or business visas expired in fiscal 2015, the agency estimates that about 416,500 people were still in the country this year.
The number of Puerto Ricans living in Florida has surpassed 1 million for the first time, while the Empire State's Puerto Rican population has remained flat.
Last year, 84,000 people left Puerto Rico for the U.S. mainland, a 38% increase from 2010. At the same time, the number of people moving to Puerto Rico from the mainland declined.