In a growing number of U.S. counties, a majority of residents are Hispanic or black, reflecting the nation's changing demographics.
The U.S. Hispanic population is diverse. These nearly 60 million individuals trace their heritage to Spanish-speaking countries in Latin America and to Spain, each with distinct demographic and economic profiles. But as migration patterns from Latin America change, the origins of U.S. Hispanics are beginning to shift.
Much of the downturn in the share of immigrant births to Hispanics has been driven by a decline in births among Mexican-origin women.
In 18 states and the District of Columbia, Latino children accounted for at least 20% of public school kindergarten students in 2017.
The most common age was 11 for Hispanics, 27 for blacks and 29 for Asians as of last July. Multiracial Americans were by far the youngest racial or ethnic group.
The U.S. Hispanic population reached a record 59.9 million in 2018, up from 2017. Population growth among Latinos has slowed since the 2000s.
In 2017, an estimated 10.5 million unauthorized immigrants lived in the United States, down from a peak of 12.2 million in 2007. Explore trends in the unauthorized immigrant population for U.S. states, as well as for birth countries and regions.
The overall gain in income among Latino workers is driven by a rise in the share of higher-income immigrants who have lived in the U.S. for more years. Yet the incomes of U.S.-born Latinos are still less than since the recession began.
The share of Latinos who say there are too many immigrants living in the United States has declined sharply since 2002.
More than 29 million Latinos are eligible to vote nationwide in 2018. The pool of eligible Hispanic voters has steadily grown in recent years.