India is projected to have 310 million Muslims (11% of the global total), making it the country with the largest population of Muslims in the world.
If current demographic trends persist, Christians will remain steady, Muslims will grow and people with no religion will decline as a share of the world’s population in the coming decades.
The religious profile of the world is rapidly changing, driven primarily by differences in fertility rates and the size of youth populations among the world’s major religions, as well as by people switching faiths. This table details the estimated religious composition of 198 countries and territories for 2010 to 2050.
What will the world’s religious landscape look like a few decades from now?
This week marks Diwali, the annual Hindu festival of lights. In the U.S., seven-in-ten Indian Americans say they celebrate the holiday.
A 2013 poll we conducted showed that globally Indians are among the most likely to say that Islamic extremist groups pose a “major threat” to their country.
Half of the world’s population lives in just six countries. But in many cases, the world’s major religious groups are even more concentrated.
A Pew Research Center survey shows how many people in religious groups know other people of different religions.
U.S. Christians, as a whole, express negative feelings toward atheists, and the chilliness is reciprocated, according to a Pew Research survey on how Americans rate eight religious groups.
When asked to rate religious groups on a “feeling thermometer” ranging from 0 to 100, Americans rate Jews, Catholics and evangelical Christians warmly and atheists and Muslims more coldly.