Recently arrived immigrants have markedly different education, income and other characteristics from those who have been in the U.S. for longer.
Key charts and stats about immigrants in the United States from 1980 to 2017.
There were a record 44.4 million immigrants living in the U.S. in 2017, making up 13.6% of the nation’s population.
This statistical profile of the foreign-born population in the 50 states and the District of Columbia is based on Pew Research Center tabulations of the Census Bureau’s 2010 and 2017 American Community Survey (ACS) and the 1960-2000 decennial censuses.
As of 2017, 19% of the national immigrant population lives in the top five counties: Los Angeles County, Calif.; Miami-Dade County, Fla.; Harris County, Texas; Queens County, N.Y. and Cook County, Ill.
Proposals to change the U.S. immigration system have received renewed attention under the Trump administration. Read key details about U.S. immigration programs.
Money sent by immigrants to their home countries in sub-Saharan Africa reached a record $41 billion in 2017.
Worldwide, an estimated $625 billion (USD) was sent by migrants to individuals in their home countries in 2017, a 7% increase from 2016, when the amount was $586 billion, according to economists at the World Bank. This increase follows two consecutive years of decline.
Many Nigerians, Tunisians and Kenyans say they plan to leave their countries in the next five years. Some who plan to migrate say they have taken steps to do so, such as gathering information about a destination country and saving money.
Majorities in top migrant destination countries say immigrants strengthen their countries. Yet publics are divided on immigrants' willingness to adopt their host country's customs.