Large majorities in eight Western European countries trust the military, ranging from 84% in France to 66% in Spain. Similarly, eight-in-ten Americans have confidence in the military.
Roughly seven-in-ten Russians say their government did not try to meddle in the U.S. presidential election in 2016. However, 85% say the U.S. tries to shape the internal affairs of other countries.
People in Western Europe differ in their attitudes about major political parties and on key policy issues based on their ideology and whether their views are more populist or mainstream.
Americans and Western Europeans have broadly similar views on certain social and political issues. For example, majorities of Americans and Western Europeans see immigrants as beneficial to their economies and support certain rights for gays and lesbians.
A median of 92% of European students are learning a language in school. Far fewer K-12 students in the U.S. participate in foreign language education.
Across Western Europe, people who say they personally know a Muslim are generally more likely than others to have positive opinions of Muslims and their religion. However, knowing something about Islam – as opposed to personally knowing a Muslim – is less associated with positive feelings of Muslims and Islam.
At the same time, 73% of people in the United Kingdom say they would like to see some powers currently held by the EU returned to national governments. A majority say membership in the EU has been a good thing for their nation's economy.
Nostalgia, ethnocentrism and a belief that Islam is incompatible with a country’s culture and values also factor into nationalist populism in Europe.
The EU’s unemployment rate has dropped to its lowest point in almost a decade, though joblessness still varies among the 28 countries that make up the bloc.
Explore interactive charts on unemployment rates in the 28 countries that make up the European Union.