Religious tradition among who do not believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong (2014) Switch to: Sources of guidance on right and wrong among who do not believe in Heaven by religious group

% of who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrongBuddhistCatholicEvangelical ProtestantHinduHistorically Black ProtestantJehovah's WitnessJewishMainline ProtestantMormonMuslimOrthodox ChristianOther ChristianOther FaithsOther World ReligionsUnaffiliated (religious "nones")Don't knowSample size
Religion< 1%14%40%< 1%5%12%2%11%1%1%< 1%1%1%< 1%11%1%685
Philosophy/reason3%6%2%2%1%< 1%5%8%< 1%< 1%< 1%1%5%1%64%1%1,605
Common sense1%10%3%1%1%< 1%4%9%< 1%< 1%< 1%1%4%1%61%1%3,910
Science1%11%2%2%1%< 1%4%5%< 1%< 1%< 1%< 1%4%< 1%67%1%1,568
Don't know5%10%11%1%1%2%7%10%< 1%1%1%< 1%4%< 1%42%6%205
Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.

Learn More: Buddhist, Catholic, Evangelical Protestant, Jewish, Mainline Protestant, Unaffiliated (religious "nones")