Results presented in this data essay are drawn from nationally representative surveys conducted over the past 20 years in more than 60 countries.
The Chinese Communist Party is preparing for its 20th National Congress, an event likely to result in an unprecedented third term for President Xi Jinping. Since Xi took office in 2013, opinion of China in the U.S. and other advanced economies has turned more negative. How did it get to be this way?
Large majorities in most of the 19 countries surveyed have negative views of China, but relatively few say bilateral relations are bad.
Americans see China as a growing superpower – and increasingly say it is the world’s leading economy.
Germans and Americans have both become more skeptical of China.
Nearly 19,000 adults in publics ranging from the UK, Italy, Greece, Japan, South Korea, Germany, and the U.S., among others, share where they find meaning in their lives and what keeps them going.
Family is preeminent for most publics but work, material well-being and health also play a key role.
In Response to Climate Change, Citizens in Advanced Economies Are Willing To Alter How They Live and Work
Citizens offer mixed reviews of how their societies have responded to climate change, and many question the efficacy of international efforts to stave off a global environmental crisis.
Unfavorable views of China also hover near historic highs in most of the 17 advanced economies surveyed.
We asked Americans: “What’s the first thing you think about when you think about China?” Here's how they answered.
U.S. adults give high marks to South Korea and Germany’s pandemic responses. In contrast, most believe China has done an only fair or poor job.
There is widespread support in Taiwan for increased economic and political ties with the U.S. While many are wary of stronger political ties with mainland China, about half would favor stronger economic relations.
Republicans are more negative than Democrats toward China, though unfavorable ratings have climbed among both parties.
Americans See Spread of Disease as Top International Threat, Along With Terrorism, Nuclear Weapons, Cyberattacks
Most say cooperation with other countries is important in dealing with global threats, especially on the spread of infectious diseases.
Political divides on both sides of the Atlantic continue to shape attitudes about relations with other nations, perceptions about defense spending and Americans’ and Germans’ views of each other.
President Trump and his policies continue to receive negative reviews from people worldwide, with a lack of confidence in his leadership especially common in Western Europe. While views of the U.S. are positive overall, they vary widely among some of its key allies.
More countries still name the U.S. as the foremost economic power than say the same of China. And, even in nations that welcome China’s economic growth, few feel similarly about its growing military might.
Unfavorable opinion of China in the U.S. is at its highest level in 14 years of polling. Americans also increasingly see China as a threat, and more than half see friction in the current bilateral economic relationship.
Worldwide, an estimated $625 billion (USD) was sent by migrants to individuals in their home countries in 2017, a 7% increase from 2016, when the amount was $586 billion, according to economists at the World Bank. This increase follows two consecutive years of decline.
Americans and Germans Disagree on the State of Bilateral Relations, but Largely Align on Key International Issues
Americans and Germans have vastly different opinions of their relationship, but they tend to agree on issues such as cooperation with other European allies and support for NATO.
People around the world agree that climate change poses a severe risk to their countries, according to a 26-nation survey conducted in spring 2018. Terrorism, specifically from ISIS, and cyberattacks are also seen by many as major security threats.
Despite Rising Economic Confidence, Japanese See Best Days Behind Them and Say Children Face a Bleak Future
Japanese feel better about their economy than at any time in nearly two decades. But they also believe average people are worse off than before the Great Recession and worry about their children's futures.
Donald Trump’s international image remains poor, and ratings for the U.S. have declined since his election. Yet most people around the world still want the U.S., not China, as the world's leading power.
Overall, 38% of Americans have a favorable opinion of China, down slightly from 44% in 2017. Concerns about China include economic threats, cyberattacks, environmental damage and human rights.
Across 38 nations, a median of 42% say the U.S. is the world’s leading economy, while 32% name China. But the economic balance of power has shifted in the eyes of some key U.S. allies and trading partners.
Today, 44% of Americans have a favorable opinion of China, up from 2016. Yet, concerns about Chinese cyberattacks have risen and most Americans back using force to defend Asian allies against China
The Chinese people recognize their country's growing prominence in Asia and the world. However, concern remains over corruption and other domestic issues.
Reflecting a history marked with strife, neighboring powers China and Japan view each other with disdain, disagree on the past and worry about the future.
As he nears the end of his presidency, Barack Obama continues to enjoy a broad degree of international popularity.
Most people in China say they are better off financially than they were five years ago. At the same time, they're worried about corrupt officials, air and water pollution, crime and economic inequality.