Women in the United States are more skeptical than men about some uses of artificial intelligence, particularly the possible widespread use of driverless passenger vehicles, according to a new analysis of survey data collected in November 2021.

Across a range of possible AI applications that the survey asked about, women are consistently more likely than men to express concern about computer programs executing those tasks. For example, 43% of women say they would be very or somewhat concerned if AI programs could diagnose medical problems, while 27% of men say the same. Gender gaps also appear in the amount of concern Americans express about AI programs being able to perform repetitive workplace tasks, make important life decisions for people, and know people’s thoughts and behaviors.