Roughly 4.6 million, or one-in-ten, Black people in the U.S. were born in a different country as of 2019, up from 3% in 1980. A new Pew Research Center analysis finds this number is projected to increase to 9.5 million, or more than double the current level, by 2060. In future years, the Black immigrant population will account for roughly a third of the U.S. Black population’s growth through 2060. The Black immigrant population is also projected to outpace the U.S.-born Black population in growth. Migration from Africa has fueled the bulk of the growth of the Black foreign-born population from 2000 onward.