Social hostilities involving religion, including violence and harassment against religious groups by private individuals and groups, declined in 2019, according to Pew Research Center’s 12th annual study of global restrictions on religion. In 2019, 43 countries had “high” or “very high” levels of social hostilities. That is down from 53 countries in 2018, and from a peak of 65 countries in 2012. Another way of looking at the data is by examining scores on the Social Hostilities Index, a 10-point scale based on 13 indicators of social hostilities involving religion. The global median score declined from 2.0 in 2018 to 1.7 in 2019, reaching its lowest level since 2014.