More than a year after the murder of George Floyd, and the national protests, debate, and political promises that ensued, 65% of Black Americans say the increased national attention on racial inequality has not led to changes that improved their lives. And 44% say equality for Black people in the U.S. is not likely to be achieved, according to newly released findings from an October 2021 Pew Research Center survey of Black Americans.

This is somewhat of a reversal in views from September 2020, when half of Black adults said the increased national focus on issues of race would lead to major policy changes to address racial inequality in the country, and 56% expected changes that would make their lives better.

Many Black Americans are concerned about racial discrimination and its impact. Roughly eight-in-ten say they have personally experienced discrimination because of their race or ethnicity, and and about two-thirds say discrimination is the main reason many Black people cannot get ahead.

Even so, Black Americans are clear on what they think the problems are facing the country and how to remedy them, including support for significant reforms or complete overhauls of several U.S. institutions. However, they are skeptical that meaningful changes will take place in their lifetime.