Mexicans are the largest group of legal permanent residents in the U.S. But their rate of naturalization is only half that of legal immigrants from all other countries combined.
The nation’s immigrant population reached a record 40.4 million in 2011, while the number of unauthorized immigrants has declined from a 2007 peak of 12 million.
The number was unchanged from the previous two years and a continuation of the sharp decline in this population since its peak in 2007.
The record number of Latinos who voted this year are the leading edge of an ascendant ethnic voting bloc that is likely to double in size within a generation.
Obama's national vote share among Hispanic voters is the highest seen by a Democratic candidate since 1996. The Latino vote was an important building block for Obama's win in key states, including Colorado, Nevada and Florida.
Compared with 2011, more Latinos express satisfaction with the direction of the country, report that their finances are in "excellent" or "good" shape and expect their family's finances to improve in the next 12 months.
Three-quarters of Latino Catholics and eight-in-ten religiously unaffiliated Latinos support President Barack Obama's re-election, while just 50% of Latino evangelical Protestants prefer Obama and 39% support Mitt Romney.
Latino registered voters prefer President Obama over Republican challenger Mitt Romney by 69% to 21%; express growing satisfaction with the direction of the nation and the state of their personal finances; but are somewhat less certain than non-Hispanics that they will vote in this election.
Data on the size and social and economic characteristics of the Hispanic and non-Hispanic eligible voter populations.
A record 23.7 million Latinos are eligible to vote in the 2012 presidential election, according to a new analysis of Census Bureau data. This is up by more than 4 million, or 22%, since 2008, but turnout typically lags that of whites, blacks.