Malala Yousafzai's shooting came at a time when social hostilities involving religion were at a high point, both globally and in Pakistan.
Today, more than 80 countries either have an official religion or favor one or more religious groups over others.
While Muslims born in the United States and their immigrant counterparts share a pride in being American, U.S.-born Muslims are less likely than immigrants to feel comfortable with their place in broader American society.
Two-thirds of Muslims in the United States say the country needs to continue making changes to give blacks equal rights with whites.
About a quarter of U.S. adults now say they think of themselves as spiritual but not religious, up 8 percentage points in five years.
Nearly all Muslim Americans (97%) say they take pride in being a member of the Islamic faith. But their devotion to core religious beliefs and practices is only part of a religious identity.
For American Muslims, being highly religious does not necessarily translate into acceptance of traditional notions of Islam.
God or the divine is mentioned at least once in each of the 50 state constitutions and nearly 200 times overall.
In a short video, Pew Research Center researchers explain how they produced the Center’s wide-ranging new survey of 1,001 American Muslims.
About eight-in-ten U.S. Muslims (82%) say they are either very (66%) or somewhat concerned (16%) about extremism committed in the name of Islam around the world.